Provinces of Canada
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(pictures of Canada today and in 1867)
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By means of the British North America Act (BNA Act) 1867-1930 by the British Parliament, the Dominion of Canada.(flag of the Dominion).was created out of the United Province of Canada (called just 'Canada' which became Québec and Ontario.{please see 'Ontario' below}), New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia.and provided for entry of other colonies.
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Province of Newfoundland flagNewfoundland became the first colony of England in North America when Queen Elizabeth granted a charter to Sir Humphrey Gilbert in 1583 to colonize it.(*).
   Newfoundland is unique. Newfoundland was not part of the Dominion of Canada, which ceased to exist in 1931 by means of the document the Statute of Westminster.
   Newfoundland on March 31, 1949 became a part of what it believed, in error (as it was after the document the Statute of Westminster), to be a federated.country called Canada, and became, after 85 years and two referendums of rejecting what they believed to be a Canadian Confederation, they became the tenth province.
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(who is my Newfoundland MLA.(Member Legislative Assembly)?
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Below are the startup 4 Provinces.(Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario, Quebec)
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Province of Nova Scotia flagNova Scotia was 'coerced'.(God bless them Scots for standing up for what they felt was right for them!).to become one of the original four (others being New Brunswick, Ontario and Québec) provinces that became Britain's Dominion of Canada with the implementation of the 1867 BNA Act. Britain was like this back then. They did the same to Virginia.
   A charter to colonize.Nova Scotia was granted in 1621.
   At the time of the BNA Act's imminent.enactment 30,000 or one third of Nova Scotians eligible to vote signed a petition to the effect that they wanted no part of the BNA Act to apply to them.(*), as they did not want to become a member of the united colony (soon to be called the 'Dominion of Canada'), so no Canada Day for you guys! Thankfully so, eh! Ha ha!
   Joseph Howe headed the delegation to present this petition to British Parliament.
   John Bright.(member for Birmingham, England) presented this petition to the House of Commons, where it was rejected. Nova Scotian concerns were completely overridden, yet Britain compromised greatly with the US, who had much more muscle (a little hint about how to make others listen).

This shows this BNA Act was not at all about a confederation of Canada, but rather, a coerced unifying of British Colonies in the area to become known as the Dominion of Canada, no doubt pushed greatly due to the threat of a pending American invasion.
   Nova Scotians could not do anything meaningful about their concerns over the BNA Act. Britain owned the land. Britain had the Eminent Domain rights. It was Britain's prerogative to do as she did regarding this petition.

But it certainly shows Nova Scotia possessed no sovereignty at this time. Sovereignty is necessary to create a federal union with other independent sovereign states (with other provinces). But none of the provinces yet possessed what was necessary to do this.

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(who is my Nova Scotia MLA.(Member Legislative Assembly)?
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Province of New Brunswick flagNew Brunswick was committed to union with Nova Scotia, Ontario and Quebec as one of the British North American colonies under Britain's Governor General in Canada. This occurred at the1864 Charlottetown and Québec conferences and on the date of the BNA Act's implementation, New Brunswick became part of the British union of the colonies in Canada.
   The BNA Act reorganized individual of Britain's Canadian area colonies under a 'Dominion of Canada' with central control from the city the Governor General resided in, the capital of the Dominion of Canada, Ottawa.
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(who is my New Brunswick MLA.(Member Legislative Assembly)?
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Province of Ontario flagOntario Under the BNA Act the provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Canada were reorganized as the four provinces of the Dominion of Canada. In this process united Canada.(Quebec and Ontario, or, Upper and Lower Canada),.known as.'Canada'.were again divided. Canada East recovered its name of Québec and Canada West was named Ontario.(*).
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(who is my Ontario MLA.(Member Legislative Assembly)?
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Province of Quebec flagQuebec (word means 'narrows') (see notes under Ontario, just above)
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(who is my Quebec MNA.(Member National Assembly)?
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Province of Manitoba flagManitoba was the first (at that time tiny) province shaped from the Northwest Territories who joined the Dominion of Canada as a result of the Manitoba Act 1870.
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(who is my Manitoba MLA.(Member Legislative Assembly)?

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Province of British Columbia flagBritish Columbia was established as a British colony in 1858.
   Vancouver Island, British Columbia was established as a British colony in 1849.
   British Columbia joined the Dominion of Canada as a province by an Order in Council signed in London by Prince Arthur, May 10, in 1871. You would think they would have a copy of the BNA Act as they were signed just four years after the BNA Act, but, like all the other provinces, they don't. Hmmm!
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(who is my British Columbia MLA.(Member Legislative Assembly)?

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Province of Prince Edward Island flagPrince Edward Island joined the Dominion of Canada in 1873. Britain's Dominion of Canada now had seven provinces.
   Charlottetown, has been the city of a few important conferences regarding the political future of Canada.
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(who is my Prince Edward Island MLA.(Member Legislative Assembly)?

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Province of Saskatchewan flagSaskatchewan came into being as a province of the Dominion of Canada in 1905. Most of Saskatchewan up to 1870 was included in the far reaching area called Rupert's Land, owned by the Hudson's Bay Company.
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(who is my Saskatchewan MLA.(Member Legislative Assembly)?
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Province of Alberta flagAlberta in 1905 and at the same time as Saskatchewan, had an adequate population to be included under the Dominion of Canada.
   In 1905 the four southwestern districts of the Northwest Territories below latitude 60° north, were reorganized into two provinces, Alberta and Saskatchewan (formerly organized under the Northwest Territories Council in 1882 into four districts, Assiniboia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Athabasca, with the council seat in Regina, Saskatchewan.
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(who is my Alberta MLA.(Member Legislative Assembly)?
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Yukon Territory flagYukon Territory (information and picture of map)
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(who is my Yulon Territory MLA.(Member Legislative Assembly)?
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Northwest Territories flagNorthwest Territories (information and picture of map)
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(who is my Northwest Territories MLA.(Member Legislative Assembly)?
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Nunavut flagNunavut
(information and picture of map)
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(who is my Nunavut MLA.(Member Legislative Assembly)?
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The Red Ensign was the Dominion of Canada flag. In 1892, it became the official flag of Canadian ships.
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