E z e k i e l.(*):.means
the Creator will strengthen. Written B.C.E.
574. He was the son of Buzi the priest.(Ezekiel
became one of the priests. He was one of the Jewish exiles who settled
at Tel-Abib, on the banks of the Chebar in the land of the Chaldeans.
Ezekiel was the only prophet,
strictly, at Babylon.
For Daniel was rather a seer,
unveiling the future in the pagan court where he
was high in position, but not discharging the prophetical office as
Ezekiel among the
covenant people; therefore his book was not classed with the prophets
but with the hagiographa.
The Infinite One wanted Ezekiel
to know that He was serious about the message He was going to give him,
as described in the book of Ezekiel, so he came with an amazing 'entry',
as described in the first chapter. Then when Ezekiel heard the Creator
speak to him.(beginning
with the last verse in chapter
1), he knew that this was very serious
and important and he better listen carefully.
Ezekiel was probably carried
away captive with Jehoiachin about B.C.E. 597. His prophetic call came
to him 'in the fifth year of Jehoiachin's captivity'.(B.C.E.
594). He had a house in the place of
his exile, where he lost his wife in the ninth year of his exile.
He held a prominent place
among the exiles and was frequently consulted by the elders. His ministry
extended over twenty three years, B.C.E. 595-573, during part of which
he was contemporary with Daniel and Jeremiah and probably also with Obadiah.
The time and manner of his
death are unknown. His reputed tomb is pointed out in the neighbourhood
of Bagdad, at a place called Keffil.
Much of Christ will be found
in this book, especially in the conclusion. Ezekiel's vision of the Creator
and of the angelic host is in Ezekiel chapters 1-14.
The conduct of Divine
Providence is in Ezekiel chapters 15-25.
A revelation of the Son of
man upon his heavenly throne is in Ezekiel chapters 26-28.
The closing visions of this
book are referred to in the book of Revelation:.Ezekiel
= Revelation 20:8; Ezekiel
47:1-8 = Revelation 22:1,2.
Other references to this
book are also found in the New Testament. Compare Romans 2:24 with Ezekiel
36:2; Romans 10:5, Galatians 3:12 with Ezekiel 20:11; 2Peter 3:4 with Ezekiel
D a n i e l.(*):
means God is my judge or judge being of God. Written B.C.E.
534. Daniel was probably born in Jerusalem about B.C.E. 623, during the
reign of Josiah. Daniel was of noble birth, if not one of the royal family
The book of Daniel is partly
historical, relating various circumstances which befell himself and the
Jews, at Babylon;
but is chiefly prophetical, detailing visions and prophecies which foretell
numerous important events relative to the four great empires of the world,
the coming and death of the Messiah, the restoration of those of the tribe
of Judah and the conversion of the Gentiles.
The book is basically about
the prophecies about Christ taking over from worldly kings, once
and for all:.Daniel
2:44; 7:9,14; 7:18-22.
Daniel and three other noble
youths were carried off to Babylon, along with part of the vessels of the
temple in the fourth year of Jehoiachin, B.C.E. 606.
There he was obliged to
enter into the service of the king of Babylon and in accordance with the
custom of the age received the Chaldean name of Belteshazzar, i.e.,
'prince of Bel' or 'Bel protect the king!' His residence in Babylon was
very probably in the palace of Nebuchadnezzar, now identified with a mass
of shapeless mounds called the Kasr on the right bank of the river.
His training in the schools
of the wise men in Babylon.(Daniel
to fit him for service to the empire. He was distinguished during this
period for his piety and his strict observance of the Mosaic law and gained
the confidence and esteem of those who were over him. His habit of attention
gained during his education in Jerusalem enabled him soon to master the
wisdom and learning of the Chaldeans and even to excel his peers or companions.
He held high offices.(Daniel
2:46-49), both under the Babylonian
and Persian empires. There were those who were jealous of him and his friends
Shadrach, Meshach, Abednego.(Daniel
were thrown into
in the fiery furnace.
At the close of his three
years of discipline and training in the royal schools, Daniel was distinguished
for his proficiency in the wisdom of his day and was brought out into public
life. He soon became known for his skill in the interpretation of dreams
and rose to the rank of governor of the province of Babylon and became
'chief of the governors' over all the wise men of Babylon.
He made known and also interpreted
Nebuchadnezzar's dream and many years afterwards, when he was now an old
man, amid the alarm and consternation of the terrible night of Belshazzar's.(grandson
feast, he was called in at the instance of the queen mother.(perhaps
Nitocris, the daughter of Nebuchadnezzar).to
the mysterious handwriting on the wall.
name given to Daniel by Nebuchadnezzar: Daniel
1:7; 'Beltis' protect the king!).was
rewarded with a purple robe and elevation to the rank of third ruler.
Daniel interpreted the
mysterious hand writing, a strange message on the wall.(Daniel
'in that night was Belshazzar the king of the Chaldeans slain'..(Belshazzar
was the grandson of Nebuchadnezzar-II,
king of the first world ruling empire)
After the taking of Babylon,
who was now master of all Asia from India to the Dardanelles, placed Darius,
prince, on the throne, during the two years of whose reign Daniel held
the office of first of the 'three presidents' of the empire and was thus
practically at the head of affairs, no doubt interesting himself in the
prospects of the captive Jews whom he had at last the happiness of seeing
restored to their own land, although he did not return with them, but remained
still in Babylon.
to Creator exposed him to persecution and he was cast into a den of lions.(Daniel
was miraculously delivered; after which Darius issued a decree enjoining
reverence for 'the God of Daniel'. He 'prospered in the reign of Darius
and in the reign of Cyrus the Persian' whom he probably greatly influenced
in the matter of the decree which put an end to the Captivity.(B.C.
He was about ninety four
years old at the time of the last of his visions. The time and circumstances
of his death are not recorded.
The captivity of Daniel and
his companions is in.Daniel
Their refusal to eat the
Their improvement in wisdom:.Daniel
Ezekiel, with whom he was
contemporary, mentions him as a pattern of righteousness and wisdom.