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Bible books history index

B i b l e :  S h o r t  H i s t o r y  o f  E a c h  B o o k
H o s e a ,  J o e l ,  A m o s ,  O b a d i a h ,  J o n a h ,  M i c a h

H o s e a.(*):.Written B.C.E. 740.He is the only prophet of Israel who has left any written prophecy. The other prophets were prophets of Judah. The book is first in order among the so called 'Minor Prophets'.

Hosea was told by the Infinite One to take a harlot as his woman:.Hosea 1:1-3.

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J o e l.(*):.Like the name 'Jesus', there was no letter 'J' till the 17th century A.D., so Joel's name was actually 'yo'el'.

His name means Yah Vah is his Creator. Written 800 B.C.E. He was the son of Pethuel. Joel was probably a resident in Judah, as his commission was to that people. The Book is second of the twelve minor prophets. He makes frequent mention of Judah and Jerusalem. 

He probably flourished in the reign of Uzziah.(about B.C.E. 800).and was contemporary with Amos and Isaiah. 

The contents of this book are:
1) A prophecy of a great public calamity then impending over the land, consisting of a want of water and an extraordinary plague of locusts.
2) The prophet then calls on his countrymen to repent and to turn to the Creator, assuring them of his readiness to forgive and foretelling the restoration of the land to its accustomed fruitfulness.
3) Tells of the beginning of the Christians to come some 800-900 years in the future:.Joel 2:28,29.
4) Then follows a Messianic prophecy, quoted by Peter:.Acts 2:39.
5) Finally, the prophet foretells portents and judgments as destined to fall on the enemies of God.(chapter 3, but in the Hebrew {Masoretic} text, it's chapter 4).

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A m o s.(*): means borne; a burden, one of the twelve minor prophets. Written 787 B.C.E. He was a native of Tekota, the modern Tekua, a town about 12 miles southeast of Bethlehem. He was a man of humble birth, neither a "prophet nor a prophet's son" but "an herdman and a dresser of sycamore trees" R.V. He prophesied in the days of Uzziah, king of Judah and was contemporary with Isaiah and Hosea, who survived him a few years.

Under Jeroboam II the kingdom of Israel rose to the zenith of its prosperity but that was followed by the prevalence of luxury and vice and idolatry. At this period Amos was called from his obscurity to remind the people of the law of God's retributive justice and to call them to repentance.

From the.Expositor's Bible Commentary:."A recent Dutch critic, whose exact scholarship is known to all readers of.Stade's Journal of Old Testament Science.has said of Amos and Hosea:."These prophecies have a word of God, as for all times, so also especially for our own. Before all it is relevant to 'the social question' of our day to the relation of religion and morality. Often it has been hard for me to refrain from expressly pointing out the agreement between then and today."

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O b a d i a h.(*): means servant of the Lord. Written B.C.E. 587.  An Israelite who was chief in the household of King Ahab: 1Kings 18:3.

Amid great spiritual degeneracy he maintained his fidelity to his Creator and interposed to protect the Lord's prophets, an hundred of whom he hid at great personal risk in a cave:.Obadiah 1:4,13. Ahab seems to have held Obadiah in great honour, although he had no sympathy with his piety:.Obadiah 1:5-7.

The last notice of him is his bringing back tidings to Ahab that Elijah, whom he had so long sought for, was at hand:.Obadiah 1:9-16. "Go, said Elijah to him, when he met him in the way, go tell thy lord, Behold, Elijah is here."

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J o n a h.(*):.Like the name 'Jesus', there was no letter 'J' till the 17th century A.D., so Jonah's name was actually 'yonah'.

His name means 'a dove', the son of Amittai of Gath-hepher. Written B.C.E. 862 Jonah was a native of Galilee, a prophet of Israel and predicted the restoration of the ancient boundaries of the kingdom. He exercised his ministry very early in the reign of Jeroboam II and thus was contemporary with Hosea and Amos or possibly he preceded them and consequently may have been the very oldest of all the prophets whose writings we possess. His personal history is mainly to be gathered from the book which bears his name. Jonah had some issues with himself that he had to deal with.

Jonah, Jonas in the New Testament Greek, was asked by God to warn those of the ancient city of Nineveh. He didn't want to, so he fled away:.Jonah 1:1-3. He ended up in the belly of a whale for three days:.Jonah 1:17.

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M i c a h.(*): Micah prophesied under Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, for about fifty years and near the beginning of the reign of Jotham, to the last year of king Hezekiah B.C.E. 750-698; see ancient kings of Judah. He was nearly contemporary with Isaiah and has some expressions in common with him.

The name Micah is a shortened form of.Micaiah, means 'who is like Yah Vah', meaning 'who is like God'? The Book of Micah in the.Bible.was written B.C.E. 750  A man of Mount Ephraim, whose history so far is introduced in Judges 17 apparently for the purpose of leading to an account of the settlement of the tribe of Dan in Northern Palestine and for the purpose also of illustrating the lawlessness of the times in which he lived.

Comprised from the American Tract Society Bible Dictionary:.Micah specifies Bethlehem.(a town in the region of Gad, a little east of the Jordan, on a watercourse leading, from near Ramoth-Gilead, southwest into that river, in the larger area of Judah).in Judah as the place where Emmanuel should be born of woman:.Micah 5:2,3. The prediction was thus understood by the Jews much later in the New Testament.era:.Mattthew 2:4-6; John 7:41,42

Micah was sixth in order of the so-called minor prophets.

If we reckon from the beginning of Jotham's reign to the end of Hezekiah's.(B.C.E. 759-698), then he ministered for about fifty-nine years; but if we reckon from the death of Jotham to the accession of Hezekiah.(B.C.E. 743-726), his ministry lasted only sixteen years. 

Micaiah the son of Imlah, a faithful prophet of Samaria. Three years after the great battle with Benhadad, Ahab proposed to Jehoshaphat, king of Judah that they should go up against Ramoth Gilead to do battle again with Benhadad. Jehoshaphat agreed, but suggested that inquiry should be first made 'at the word of Yah Vah.(the Creator). Ahab's prophets approved of the expedition but Jehoshaphat still dissatisfied, asked if there was no other prophet besides the four hundred that had appeared. He was informed of this Micaiah. He was sent for from prison, where he had been confined, probably on account of some prediction disagreeable to Ahab and he condemned the expedition and prophesied that it would end, as it did, in disaster. We hear nothing further of this prophet. Some have supposed that he was the unnamed prophet referred to in the book of 1Kings.

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