The name given to the chief of the three great historical annual festivals
or feasts of ancient
Israel. It was kept in remembrance of the Lord's passing over the houses
of the Israelites.(Exodus
12:13).when the first born of all
the Egyptians were destroyed. It is called also the "feast of unleavened
23:15; Mark 14:1; Acts
12:3), because during its celebration no
leavened bread was to be eaten or even kept in the household:.Exodus
12:15. The word afterwards came to denote the lamb that was slain at
14:12-14; 1Corinthians 5:7.
On the tenth of Nisan
a lamb was set apart to be slaughtered and eaten as the passover lamb,
of Emmanuel being set apart for His crucifixion to benefit all mankind.
The passsover lamn was killed on the fourteenth of this month, towards
sunset and eaten the same evening after the fifteenth day had begun. Days
begin at sunset. The seven days from the fifteenth to the twenty first
were "the feast of unleavened bread"
closing with a solemn.convocation:.Exodus
A detailed account of the institution of this feast
is given in Exodus 12th and 13th
chapters. It was afterwards incorporated in the ceremonial Mosaic
23:4-8).as one of the great festivals
of the nation. In after times many changes seem to have taken place as
to the mode of its celebration as compared with its first celebration.(compare
23:10-14; Numbers 9:10,11;
Again, the use of wine.(Luke
22:17,20), of sauce with the bitter herbs.(John
13:26).and the service of praise
There is recorded only one celebration of this
feast between the Exodus and the entrance into Canaan,
namely, that mentioned in Numbers 9:5.(see
Easton's Bible Dictionary). It was primarily a
reminding the children of Israel of their deliverance out of Egypt, but
it was, no doubt, also a type of the great deliverance wrought by the Messiah
for all his people from the doom of death on account of sin and from the
bondage of sin itself, a worse than Egyptian
5:7; John 1:29; 19:32-36;
1:19; Galatians 4:4,5.
The appearance of Jerusalem on the occasion of
the Passover in the time of our Lord is thus fittingly described:."The
city itself and the neighbourhood became more and more crowded as the feast
approached, the narrow streets and dark arched bazaars
showing the same throng of men of all nations as when Emmanuel had first
visited Jerusalem as a boy. Even the temple offered a strange sight at
this season, for in parts of the outer courts a wide space was covered
with pens for sheep, goats and cattle to be used for offerings. Sellers
shouted the merits of their beasts, sheep bleated, oxen lowed.(made
the characteristic sound of a cow).
Sellers of doves also had a place set apart for them. Potters offered a
choice from huge stacks of clay dishes and ovens for roasting and eating
the Passover lamb. Booths for wine, oil, salt and all else needed for sacrifices
"Persons going to and from
the city shortened their journey by crossing the temple grounds, often
carrying burdens...Stalls to change foreign money into the shekel of the
temple, which alone could be paid to the priests, were numerous, the whole
confusion making the sanctuary like a noisy market."....Geikie's
Life of Christ.
This name is generally applied to the progenitorsof
families or "heads of the fathers".(Joshua
in Scripture and they are spoken of as antediluvian.(time
from from Adam to Noah).and
flood from Noah to Jacob).patriarchs.
But the expression "the patriarch," by way of eminence
is applied to the twelve sons of Jacob, or to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob..The
Book of Genesis.places
before us patriarchal longevity into the hundreds of years.
The Pharisees, Sadducees and their ilk,
doctors and scribes,.were
proof that knowledge without a motivation to use it to benefit others is
worthless to advance mankind. They were the controllers, the corrupt masters
over others they had subjugated
by dishing out manipulated
knowledge to work selfish advantage:.Luke
11:52 "Woe unto you, lawyers! for you have taken away the key of knowledge.
You entered not in yourselves and them that were entering in you hindered."
4:5 "They are of the world, therefore speak they of the world and the
world hears them."
must never so expound
one part of Scripture
as to make it contradict
All that really matters
13:1-8. The song!
It was the same in Jeremiah's
day, so many years before. The religious controllers didn't want their
control upset as it was of benefit to them:.Jeremiah
18:18 "Then said they, Come and let us devise devices against Jeremiah,
for the law shall not perish from the priest, nor counsel from the wise,
nor the word from the prophet. Come and let us smite him with the tongue
and let us not give heed to any of his words.".And
in Christ's time:.Galatians
1:7 "...there be some that trouble you and would pervert the gospel
Why the same attitude today
as has been seen throughout history in the evil of, man taking advantage
of others to others hurt? Because it's the same
dark side beings behind it.
These Pharisees, Sadducees, Scribes and Lawyers
back then were frequently severely.rebuked
23:13-32; Luke 11:39-46. They
were so steeped
in their selfish concerns they hadn't the least inkling
of honesty and love in them. Most of them were corrupt having the attitude
of condeming others by the standards of the religion they concocted
for their own advantage.
The word 'Pharisee' in the original means 'separatists'.(why?).
The first mention of these Pharisaical.sects
of the Jewish people is in a description by Josephus.(the
great historian).of the three sects
or schools into which the Jews were divided.(B.C.E.
145). The other two sects were the Essenes
and the Sadducees, who were particularly.against
the teaching of the resurrection. Many Pharisees were well educated
doctors and scribes who took pride in their
In the time of Emmanuel they were the popular party:.John
thought that they were, because of their education, extremely accurate
and yet minute
in all matters appertaining
to the Old Testament law, but were only accurate in punctilious
23:23-28).to do with the soon to
be abolished ancient Mosaic Law.(the
law the Infinite One gave Moses for ancient Israel until Christ
would come on the scene). To this ancient law, they added their
own fabricated ways. Saul whose name was later changed to Paul
part of parcel of this deceived controlling group.
They knew absolutely nothing of the
real living available to all through Christ. They woefully
misunderstood why Christ came to Earth and by what they were producing
showed themselves to be educated in methods of deceit and people control.
This came in handy for them as they viewed Christ in the physical form
of the one we call Emmanuel, as a competitor,
a competitor to get rid of.
They were knowledgeable in
the letter, but woefully
ignorant when it came to the greater spiritual meaning of things:.Matthew
nothing correct about a changed heart.(Romans
2:29; 7:6; 2Corinthians
3:6).necessary to have a relationship
with the Creator. They knew nothing about the grace of the Creator
and how that grace
encompasses all. They figured that they held knowledge others would
aspire to. They covered their greedy, hatefulness with an attitude of self
love and deprecated
any holding opposing views, thus remaining aloof
from the feelings of others who needed help.
The Pharisees and their ilk.(even
today), a corrupt religious sect,
often tried to entangle Emmanuel in His talk:.Matthew
22:15,34,35. The Pharisees proved that there is no limit to ignorance
lying within the pompously
educated. And it was even true of their forerunners way back further in
Daniel's time, corrupt men who just looked for something together.(a
undermine another that they may have been jealous of:.Daniel
3:8-12; Daniel 6:11-15. And
an example of 'you reap
what you sow', of what happened to these conspirators:.Daniel
6:24. And another couple of examples of 'you reap
what you sow', the two bitches Jezebel
Instead of learning light and teaching others a
way, they spent their time trying
to put out the lights of others.
On the first notice of them in the New Testament.(Matthew
3:7), they are ranked by Emmanuel with the Sadducees as a."generation
of vipers". They were noted for their
righteousness and their pride:.Matthew
9:11; Luke 7:39; 18:11,12.
From the very beginning of Emmanuel's ministry
the Pharisees showed themselves bitter and persistent enemies. They could
not bear his doctrines, as Emmanuel taught the Mosaic Law as it was intended
and not as the
Pharisees had learned it, with many traditions added having the effect
of making them feel superior to others:.Romans
3:19. They sought by every means to destroy Emmanuel's influence among
The origin of the Jewish sect
Sadducees cannot definitely be traced. It was probably the
outcome of the influence of Grecian customs and philosophy during the period
of Greek domination.
The Sadducees acknowledged only the first five
books of the Bible, which together were called the book of Moses,
also called the book of the law:.2Chronicles
25:4. They believed this as being the only part of Scripture
that God had inspired to be recorded.
Lord, by confuting
them from those books, proved they were ignorant of the scriptures they
to hold sacred:.Matthew
The first time they are met with is in connection
with John the Baptist's
3:1-3.(see a Bible Dictionary,
available in one of the free
computer Bible programs, for more on him). They came out to
him when on the banks of the Jordan and he said.......continues