...continued from Pharisees,
Sadducees on previous page...
...and he said to them:.Matthew
3:7 "O generation of vipers, who has warned you to flee from the wrath
The next the Sadducees are spoken of they are represented
as coming to our Lord tempting him. He calls them."hypocrites".and
wicked and adulterous generation":.Matthew
16:1-4; 22:23. The only reference
to them is their attempting to ridicule the doctrine of the resurrection.(Matthew
22:23; Mark 12:18 and Luke 20:27 says same thing), which they
denied. They are not mentioned in John's Gospel.
There were many Sadducees
among the 'elders' of the Sanhedrin.
They seem, indeed, to have been as numerous as the Pharisees:.Acts
23:6. They showed their hatred of Emmanuel in taking part in his condemnation.
They were against preaching the resurrection:.Matthew
22:23. They thought there was something very wrong with this. They
were the deists
of that age. They do not appear as a separate sect
after the destruction of Jerusalem.
-pastors and teachers:.Pastors
and teachers are those who care for others in guiding, protecting and
instructing them or should be:.Ephesians
4:11-13; Jeremiah 3:15; Jeremiah
48:10 "Cursed be he that does the work of the LORD deceitfully..."
Dictionaries: The Philistines.(the
Philistine ancestors were called Caphtorims).were
people, yet warlike.(Exodus
13:17), who inhabited the southern seacoast of Canaan.(map),
which from them took the name of Philistia or Palestine.
They existed before the time of Abraham
They seem originally to have migrated
from Egypt to Caphtor,
today called Crete; others think it was the ancient Cappadocia. And thence
they passed over to Palestine
under the name of Caphtorim, where they drove out the Avim eople, who dwelt
from Hazerim to Azzah, that is, Gaza and dwelt there in their stead:.Deuteronomy
2:23. The country they inhabited lay between the higher land of Judea
and the Mediterranean and was in
the main, a level and fertile
territory. It resembles our own western prairies and bears splendid
crops year after year, though miserably.cultivated
and never manured.
The Philistines were a powerful people in Palestine,
even in Abraham's time, B.C.E.
1900, for they had then kings and considerable cities:.Genesis
The Philistines were descendants
of the Caphtorim.(the
Caphtorim were ancestors of the Philistines:.Deuteronomy
2:23; Amos 9:7).of
the Pathrusim and the Casluhim, two other clans
descended from Ham.
They destroyed the Avim people and took over their land:.Deuteronomy
2:23; Jeremiah 47:4; Amos
king of the Philistines at the time was involved with Abraham:.Genesis
21:22-27. They got along with each other, so, Abraham stayed there
a long time:.Genesis
21:34 "And Abraham sojourned in the Philistines' land many days."
The Philistines were a warlike people, which was
the reason that God did not lead the Israelites near to them when He led
them out of Egypt:.Exodus
As they occupied a part of this promised land of
12:1-7), the Israelites should have dispossessed them,
but they didn't. When Joshua
was old, all the borders of the Philistines were still unoccupied by the
Israelites, who by this time left the true God in favor of making gods
out of their own imagination
and they made
many of them.
The five fortified cities of the Philistines,
with their 'daughters' or dependent villages, were Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod,
Gath and Ekron. The Philistines were idolaters
and worshipped Dagon,
5:1-8; 2Kings 1:2.
Philistim in Genesis
10:14 is the same Hebrew
word that is elsewhere translated Philistines
and were a tribe allied to the Phoenicians.
There was almost perpetual
war between these two tribes, as sometimes the Philistines held southern
tribes in degrading.servitude:.Judges
15:11. At other times they were defeated with great slaughter:.1Samuel
These hostilities did not cease till the time of
the Philistines were entirely subdued:
18:8. They still however,
occupied their territory and always showed their old hatred to Israel:.Ezekiel
25:15-17. They were finally conquered by the Romans.
The Philistines are called Pulsata or Pulista on
the Egyptian monuments and in the Assyrian inscriptions, the land of the
termed Palastu and Pilista. Many scholars
identify the Philistines with the Pelethites of.2Samuel
in the Original Greek is 'to pray.(talk
to God).to the advantage of'. Original
Hebrew is 'to talk', 'meditate', 'put forth to'. Example: Got
problems? Talk to God and. Ask Him to your advantage.
priests' job involved offering of sacrifices for the people. This helped
keep the people on
track toward some spirituality, but it was all physical stuff with
many do's and don'ts. It didn't work.
At first every man was his
own priest and presented his own sacrifices before the Creator. Afterwards
that office devolved
on the head of the family, as in the cases of Noah.(Genesis
At the giving of the ten
commandments and the various other guidelines that Moses delivered to the
priesthood was to be set up as well. This was prior
to the Mosaic Law.
Under the Levitical
arrangements the office of the priesthood was limited to the tribe of Levi
and to only one family of that tribe, the family of Aaron:.Leviticus
24:6-9; Numbers 3:5-9.
Certain laws respecting the
qualifications of the Levitical
priests, the sons of Levi,
are given in Leviticus 21:16-23.
There are ordinances
also regarding the priests' dress.(Exodus
the manner of their consecration
to the office:.Exodus
The priests were allowed
to have a wife, but:.Leviticus
The ancient shewbread was only for Aaron and his
sons who were the priesthood:.Leviticus
The priests' duties were
27:20,21; Leviticus 6:12,13;
and etc. They
represented the people before their Creator and offered the various sacrifices
prescribed in the Mosaic law. Only the sons
of Levi could touch the
ark of the covenant. Only the descendents
of Aaron, Moses' brother, were to be
in the high priesthood, where others of the tribe of Levi were to attend
The priests were not distributed
over the country, but lived together in certain cities.(forty
eight in number, of which six were cities
of refuge), which had been assigned
to their use. From thence they went up by turns to minister in the temple
Thus the religious instruction
of the people in the country generally was left to the heads of families,
until the establishment of synagogues,
an event which did not take place till the return from the Captivity.(2Chronicles
which was the main source of the freedom from idolatry that became as marked
a feature of the Jewish people thenceforward as its practice had been hitherto
their great national sin.
The whole priestly system
of Judah was typical.
It was a shadow of Christ.
The priests all prefigured
the great Priest who offered."one
sacrifice for sins", "once for all":.Hebrews
There is now no human priesthood.
The term 'priest' is indeed applied to believers.(1Peter
but in these cases it implies
to priests or the priesthood; priestly) functions
because in this New Testament era,
the things of the old are done away.
All true believers are now
'kings and priests unto the Creator'. As priests they have free
access into the holiest of all and offer up the sacrifices of praise
and thanksgiving and the sacrifices of grateful service from day to day.
What would some
of these be today?
Like in everything involving
man, there is an evil side and the good side. There were good.(2Chronicles
the same for kings
and same for people.(how
bad were they?.Jeremiah
law made no provision for imprisonment as a punishment. In the wilderness
two persons were "put in ward":.Leviticus
24:12 "And they put him in ward that the mind of the LORD might be
showed them." Numbers 15:34 "And
they put him in ward, because it was not declared what should be done to
him.".But it was only till the mind
of God concerning them should be ascertained.
they were observed and interacted with to determine what would come from
God to the minds of those assessing
79:11 "Let the sighing of the prisoner come before you; according to
the greatness of your power, preserve you those that are appointed to die."
of refuge were appointed for certain types of murder, where murderers
back then could live out their lives ostracized
from normal society.
Prisons and prisoners are mentioned in the book
of Psalms: Psalms
69:33 "For the LORD hears the poor and despises not prisoners." Psalms
142:7 "Bring my soul out of prison that I may praise your name. The
righteous shall compass me about, for you deal bountifully with me.".Isaiah
Samson was confined in a Philistine prison:.Judges
Paul considered himself a prisoner:.Philemon
1:1,9. Luke 4:18.
All of us have been in the prison
of the ego.
Prophecy means receipt of an inspired message, as a revelation of divine
mind. How the Creator communicates.
One receiving such messages is called a prophet.
Problem today carries on from olden times where
so called prophets were actually 'profits' - religion was an excuse
for them to get your money.
Prophesy means to speak about events to happen,
good and bad, individually or wide area as revealed through inspiration.
In this we can test.(1John
4:1-3; Deuteronomy 18:21,22).who
may or may not be a true prophet. See 'Prophets'
over others'. Perhaps also see 'False
A prophet's message was inspired by the Creator:.2Peter
2:20,21; Lamentations 3:37.
The value of prophecy as compared to love:.1Corinthians
13:1-8.('charity' is the
old English word they use in the New Testament for love).
To be merciful in rendering one's self so as to cause another to become
favorably inclined; to gain or regain favor or goodwill. Emmanuel was the
propitiation for the whole world:.1John
One who farmed the taxes.(e.g.,
Zacchaeus, Luke 19:2).to
be levied from a town or district and thus undertook to pay to the government
a certain amount. In order to collect the taxes, the publicans employed
5:27; 15:1; 18:10),
who, for their own ends, were often guilty of extortion and peculation.
Testament times these taxes were paid to the Romans and hence
were regarded by the Jews as a very heavy burden and hence also the collectors
of taxes, who were frequently Jews, were hated and were usually spoken
of in very opprobrious
terms. Emmanuel was accused of
being a."friend of publicans
7:34. Matthew was a tax collector:.Matthew
An Assyrian king. This person also named Phut is not the same Phut.(Genesis
10:6).who was son on Ham.
The Assyrian king Pul/Phut/Put was contemporary
or was his predecessor:.1Chronicles
5:26. He was the Phalluka of the Ninevite monuments. This is the first
Assyrian king after Nimrod who is
mentioned in Biblical history. His name has been recently identified with
that of Phalluka on the monuments of Nineveh
and that of Menahem
He consolidated and organized his conquests on
a large scale. He subdued Northern Syria and Hamath and the kings of Syria
rendered him homage
and paid him tribute.
His ambition was to found in Western Asia a kingdom which should embrace
the whole civilized world, having Nineveh as its centre.
Menahem, king of Israel, gave him the enormous
tribute of a thousand talents
of silver 'that his hand might be with him':.2Kings
15:19; 1Chronicles 5:26.
The fact that this tribute could be paid showed
the wealthy condition of the little kingdom of Israel even in this age
of disorder and misgovernment. Having reduced Syria, Pul turned his arms
against Babylon, which he subdued. The Babylonian king was slain and Babylon
and other Chaldean
cities were taken and Pul assumed the title of 'King of Sumer.(Shinar).and
Accad'. He was succeeded in history by Shalmanezer
Pul is also a geographical name in Isaiah
66:19-22 and probably equals Phut.(or
as some translations have it 'Put'):.Genesis
10:6; Ezekiel 27:10.