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Bible books history index

Exodus 21:1 Now these are the judgments.(these judgments given at the time of the ten commandments {Exodus 20:1-17} carry on down here through to chapter 24:3; these all were given before the Mosaic Law).which thou shall set before them. 

Exodus 21:2 If you buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.(Leviticus 25:39-43).

Exodus 21:3 If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself. If he were married.(original for 'married' is 'husband', what does that mean?), then his wife shall go out with him.
The word 'marriage' is not in the original. What then does it mean?
Exodus 21:4,5 If his master have given him a wife and she have born him sons or daughters, the wife and her children shall be her master's and he shall go out by himself. And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife and my children, I will not go out free.

Exodus 21:6 Then his master shall bring him unto the judges. He shall also bring him to the door or unto the door post and his master shall bore his ear through with an aul and he shall serve him forever.

Exodus 21:7 And if a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the menservants do.
Far from intending to indulge elite slave owners, this ancient law was intended to protect the dignity of women placed in less than ideal circumstances; in contrast to a modern day  playmate easily dispensed with after being substantially used up, the Mosaic Law stipulated the legal rights of an impoverished woman who becomes a servant member of a well-to-do household.
Exodus 21:8 If she please not her master, who has betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed. To sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he has dealt deceitfully with her.

Exodus 21:10,11 If he take him another wife, her food, her raiment and her duty of marriage.(original for 'duty of marriage' is 'cohabitational rights, 'conjugal rights'; she still had the right to have sex with him).shall he not diminish. And if he do not these three unto her, then shall she go out free without money.
She was then free to go and find another.
Exodus 21:13 And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee.

Exodus 21:22,23 If men strive and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her and yet no mischief follow, he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband will lay upon him and he shall pay as the judges determine. And if any mischief follow, then you shall give life for life.
More clearly and accurately as the NIV translation has it, 'If men who are fighting hit a pregnant women and she gives birth prematurely but there is no serious injury (akin to placing one on their deathbed) the offender must be fined whatever the woman's husband demands and the court allows. But if there is serious injury, you are to take life for life'; in other words, if the woman or the child should die, the appropriate punishment under this Old Testament law would be death.
Exodus 21:24 Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot..(*)

Exodus 21:32 If the ox shall push a manservant or a maidservant, he shall give unto their master thirty shekels of silver and the ox shall be stoned.

Exodus 22:1-9
If a man shall steal an ox or a sheep and kill it or sell it, he shall restore five oxen for an ox and four sheep for a sheep. If a thief be found breaking in and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him. If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be blood shed for him, for he should make full restitution. If he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft. If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep, he shall restore double. If a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be eaten and shall put in his beast and shall feed in another man's field, of the best of his own field and of the best of his own vineyard, shall he make restitution. If fire break out and catch in thorns so that the stacks of corn or the standing corn or the field be consumed therewith, he that kindled the fire shall surely make restitution. If a man shall deliver unto his neighbour money or stuff to keep and it be stolen out of the man's house, if the thief be found, let him pay double. If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges, to see whether he have put his hand unto his neighbour's goods. For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment or for any manner of lost thing, which another challenges to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbour.
"No blood shall be shed for him".Clarke's Commentary:."If a thief was found breaking into a house in the night, one could kill him, but not if the sun had risen, for then he might be known and taken and the restitution made which is mentioned in the succeeding verse."

You couldn't use excuses to kill someone, such as if you didn't like him or could see some advantage for you if he was not around.

Exodus 22:10-12 If a man deliver unto his neighbour an ass or an ox or a sheep or any beast, to keep and it die or be hurt or driven away, no man seeing it, then shall an oath of the LORD be between them both, that he has not put his hand unto his neighbour's goods and the owner of it shall accept thereof and he shall not make it good. And if it be stolen from him, he shall make restitution unto the owner thereof. If it be torn in pieces, then let him bring it for witness and he shall not make good that which was torn.

Exodus 22:14-18 And if a man borrow ought of his neighbour and it be hurt or die, the owner thereof being not with it, he shall surely make it good. But if the owner thereof be with it, he shall not make it good. If it be an hired thing, it came for his hire. And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife. If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.
Exodus 22:14-18 And if a man borrow ought of his neighbour and it be hurt or die, the owner thereof being not with it, he shall surely make it good.(example, you borrow a car from someone and while driving it, one of the ball joints or whatever, breaks; fix it). But if the owner thereof be with it, he shall not make it good. If it be an hired thing, it came for his hire.(if you paid for a rental and something breaks, you don't pay to have it fixed, it's the responsibility of the loaner, not of he who borrows it). And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife. If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.
Exodus 22:18 You shalt not suffer a witch to live.

Exodus 22:19 Whosoever lies with a beast shall surely be put to death.

Exodus 22:20 He that sacrifices unto any god), save unto the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed.
Exodus 22:20 He that sacrifices unto any god.(and they had tons of them back then), save unto the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed.(or more correctly, 'is headed in the way of destruction').
Exodus 22:21 You shall neither vex a stranger nor oppress him, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt. 

Exodus 22:22 You shall not afflict any widow or fatherless child.

Exodus 22:23 If you afflict them in any way and they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry.
All these and more laws (how many more?) were of the Mosaic Law of the Old Testament, which is now done away, superceded now by the two great laws Christ came to reveal for mankind, but they are still principles that should be followed when interacting with others; why?
Exodus 22:24 And my wrath shall wax hot and I will kill you with the sword and your wives shall be widows and your children fatherless.

Exodus 22:25 If you lend money to any of my people that is poor by you, you shall not be to him as an usurer, neither shall you lay upon him usury.

Exodus 22:26-27 If you at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge, you shall deliver it unto him by the time the sun goes down, for that is his covering only it is his raiment for his skin. Wherein shall he sleep? And it shall come to pass, when he cries unto me, that I will hear, for I am gracious.
Exodus 22:26-27 If you at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge.(you borrowed some cloths from him for some reason), you shall deliver it unto him by the time the sun goes down, for that is his covering only.(Deuteronomy 24:13), it is his raiment for his skin. Wherein shall he sleep?.(comprised with Clarke's Commentary:."...a sort of coarse blanket, about six yards long and five or six feet broad, which an Arab always carries with him and on which he sleeps at night, it being his only substitute for a bed. As the fashions in the east scarcely ever change, it is very likely that the raiment of the Israelites was precisely the same with that of the modern Arabs, who live in the very same desert in which the Hebrews were when this law was given. How necessary it was to restore the this to a poor man before the going down of the sun, when it gets cold in the deserts.").And it shall come to pass, when he cries unto me, that I will hear, for I am gracious.
Exodus 22:28 You shall not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of your people.(why?.Romans 13:1-8).
Word 'gods' is understood to mean either the family of the Creator and/or those the Creator has placed in authority here on Earth; in other words, the family of the Creator is a family of high consciousness, so only do those things of high consciousness.
Exodus 22:29 You shalt not delay to offer the first of your ripe fruits and of your liquors; the firstborn of your sons shall you give unto me.

Exodus 22:30-31 Likewise shall you do with your oxen and with your sheep. Seven days it shall be with his dam and on the eighth day you shalt give it to me. And you shall be holy men unto me. Neither shall you eat any flesh that is torn of beasts in the field. You shall cast it to the dogs.

Exodus 23:1 You shalt not raise a false report. Put not your hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous.witness.
Don't be in unity with others who would gladly hide evil with falsehoods. The liars in life today, one example.
Exodus 23:2 You shall not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shall you speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest judgment.
Exodus 23:2 You shall not follow a multitude to do evil.(avoid the crowd that wants to hurt others and do mischief:.Matthew 15:14); neither shall you speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest judgment.

Don't join in with the thinking of others to slant.information against another, thus disgracing their own characters:.Leviticus 19:15 "You shall do no unrighteousness in judgment. You shall not respect the person of the poor.(means to 'not lift yourself up against'; would have been better translated 'don't disrespect another because they may be poor'), nor honour the person of the mighty, but in righteousness shalt you judge your neighbour."

Exodus 23:3 Neither shall you countenance.(original is 'honor', that is, do not regard the state of either the rich or of the poor to pervert your judgment; saying to the rich 'yes, I can help you' or putting off the poor because he can't pay you).a poor man in his cause.

Exodus 23:4 If you meet your enemy's ox or his ass going astray, you shall surely bring it back to him again.

Exodus 23:5 If thou see the ass of him that hates you lying under his burden.(had a heavy load that was hard for the donkey to carry).and would forbear to help him, you shall surely help.

Exodus 23:6 Thou shalt not wrest the judgment of thy poor in his cause.(twist it around to make it look worse than it is).

Exodus 23:7 Keep yourself far from a false matter and the innocent and righteous won't be out to slay you, for I will not justify the wicked.
God will allow the automatic law of 'you reap what you sow' to affect you; you've sown negativity and will reap the same; one must make a decision and take action toward change in order to be in alignment with God.
Exodus 23:8 And you shall take no gift.(no bribe from someone who wants to use you to their selfish advantage), for the gift blinds the wise and perverts the words of the righteous.
Gets one's mind off of doing the best for all concerned and onto collusion for selfish reasons. If you start doing this, you're taking steps into the dark side. We reap what we have sown.

Exodus 23:9 Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger, for you know the heart of a stranger, seeing you were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Exodus 23:9 Also thou shalt not oppress.(original also has 'squeeze').a stranger.(one not of your club, church, etc., that is you, for example, charge him more for your, say, roofing job than you would those in your little group; this is stupidity, not realizing that all is of God, all is one and you fail to realize {Matthew 25:40 "...Inasmuch as you have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, you have done it unto me."} the law of compensation), for you know the heart of a stranger, seeing you were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Exodus 23:10,11 And six years you shall sow your land and shall gather in the fruits thereof, but the seventh year you shall let it rest and lie still, that the poor of your people may eat.(that is, plant on it and take for themselves what they planted).and what they leave, the beasts of the field shall eat. In like manner you shalt deal with thy vineyard and with your oliveyard.

Exodus 23:12 Six days you shalt do thy work.(original is 'your deeds', the things you do; doesn't mean to work your ass off six days a week; six days to do your thing and then rest).and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass may rest and the son of thy handmaid and the stranger, may be refreshed.

Exodus 23:15 You shall keep the feast of unleavened bread. You shall eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded you, in the time appointed of the month Abib.(seventh month of the year in the Hebrew calendar, corresponding to Nisan which is the seventh month of the year in the Jewish calendar).for in it you came out from Egypt and none shall appear before me empty.

Exodus 23:16 And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which you have sown in the field and the feast of ingathering, which is in the end of the year, when you have gathered in your labours out of the field.

Exodus 23:22,23 But if you shall indeed obey his voice and do all that I speak, then I will be an enemy unto your enemies and an adversary unto your adversaries. For mine Angel shall go before you and bring you in unto the Amorites and the Hittitesand the Perizzites and the Canaanites, the Hivites and the Jebusites and I will cut them off.

Exodus 23:24 You shall not bow down to their gods, nor serve them, nor do after their works, but you shall utterly overthrow them and quite break down their images.

Exodus 23:29 I will not drive them out from before thee in one year, lest the land become desolate and the beast of the field multiply against thee.

Exodus 23:30 By little and little I will drive them out from before thee until thou be increased and inherit the land.

Exodus 24:1,2 And he said unto Moses, Come up unto the LORD, thou and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu and seventy of the elders of Israel and worship you afar off. But only Moses alone shall come near the LORD, but they shall not come nigh, neither shall the people go up with him.

Exodus 24:3 And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD and all the judgments. And all the people answered with one voice.(they agreed).and said, All the words which the LORD has said will we do.
Exodus 19:7,8; Deuteronomy 5:22-33, but this didn't last long at all:.Jeremiah 44:16,17; Judges 2:20-23.
Exodus 24:4 And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD and rose up early in the morning and builded an altar under the hill and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel.

Exodus 24:5,6 And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto the LORD. And Moses took half of the blood and put it in basons and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar.

Exodus 24:7 And he took the book of the covenant and read in the audience of the people and they said, All that the LORD has said will we do and be obedient.(original for word 'obedient' is 'listen and follow').

Exodus 24:8 And Moses took the blood and sprinkled it on the people and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORD has made with you concerning all these words.

Exodus 24:9 Then went up Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu and seventy of the elders of Israel.

Exodus 24:10 And they saw the God of Israel and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone.(was this some sort of spacecraft having landed on the mountain?.Genesis 15:17).and as it were the body of heaven in his clearness.

Exodus 24:11 And upon the nobles of the children of Israel he laid not his hand. Also they saw God and did eat and drink.

Exodus 24:12 And the LORD said unto Moses, Come up to me into the mount and be there. And I will give you tables of stone and a law and commandments which I have written.(written on the stones:.Exodus 31:18), that you may teach them.
The Creator wanted the people to be taught principles to bring them up higher in thinking. People on Earth need to learn things.
Exodus 24:13 And Moses rose up. And his minister Joshua and Moses went up into the mount of God.

Exodus 24:14 And he said unto the elders, Tarry you here for us, until we come again unto you and behold, Aaron and Hur are with you. If any man have any matters to do, let him come unto them. 

Exodus 24:15-18 And Moses went up into the mount and a cloud covered the mount. And the glory of the LORD abode upon mount Sinai and the cloud covered it six days and the seventh day he called unto Moses out of the midst of the cloud. And the sight of the glory of the LORD was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel.(who were looking up from the bottom). And Moses went into the midst of the cloud and gat him up into the mount and Moses was in the mount forty days and forty nights.

Exodus 25:1-4 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring me an offering. Of every man that gives it willingly with his heart you shall take my offering. And this is the offering which you shall take of them; gold and silver and brass, And blue and purple and scarlet and fine linen and goats' hair,
Exodus 25:1-4 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring me an offering. Of every man that gives it willingly with his heart.(not that God ever needed anything from man and God always knows everything, but still learns as life goes along; it was the people, by their own reaction to an offering, could be see how he is; as today one needs willingness to contribute himself to the tabernacle of the Creator inside us and that is the high consciousness realm).you shall take my offering. And this is the offering which you shall take of them; gold and silver and brass, And blue and purple and scarlet and fine linen and goats' hair,
Exodus 25:5 And rams' skins dyed red and badgers' skins and shittim wood,

Exodus 25:6,7 Oil for the light, spices for anointing oil and for sweet incense, Onyx stones and stones to be set in the ephod and in the breastplate.

Exodus 25:8 And let them make me a sanctuary.(a sacred place, a holy place;.Dictionary of Theology:."this was that part of the tabernacle that was called the most holy place, into which the high priest entered only once a year, on the great day of atonement").that I may dwell among them.
God's holy place was always preferred to be is in the hearts of those of high consciousness, both in the Old and New Testaments:.Isaiah 57:15.
Exodus 25:9 According to all that I show you, after the pattern of the tabernacle and the pattern of all the instruments thereof, even so shall you make it.
This was some older tabernacle Moses would have been aware of that wasn't existing at this time of building this new one
Exodus 25:10-15 And they shall make an ark of shittim wood; two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof and a cubit and a half the height thereof. And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, within and without shalt thou overlay it and shall make upon it a crown of gold round about. And you shall cast four rings of gold for it and put them in the four corners thereof and two rings shall be in the one side of it and two rings in the other side of it. And you shall make staves of shittim wood and overlay them with gold. And you shall put the staves into the rings by the sides of the ark, that the ark may be borne with them. The staves shall be in the rings of the ark. They shall not be taken from it.

Exodus 25:16 And you shall put into the ark the testimony which I shall give thee.

Exodus 25:17 And you shall make a mercy seat of pure gold. Two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof.

Exodus 25:18-21 And you shall make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat. And make one cherub on the one end and the other cherub on the other end. Even of the mercy seat shall you make the cherubims on the two ends thereof. And the cherubims shall stretch forth their wings on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings and their faces shall look one to another, toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubims be. And thou shalt put the mercy seat above upon the ark and in the ark you shall put the testimony that I shall give you.

Exodus 25:22 And there I will meet with you and I will commune with you from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which are upon the ark of the testimony, of all things which I will give you in commandment unto the children of Israel.

Exodus 25:23 Thou shalt also make a table of shittim wood. Two cubits shall be the length thereof and a cubit the breadth thereof and a cubit and a half the height thereof.

Exodus 25:24-29 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold and make thereto a crown of gold round about. And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand breadth round about and thou shalt make a golden crown to the border thereof round about. And thou shalt make for it four rings of gold and put the rings in the four corners that are on the four feet thereof. Over against the border shall the rings be for places of the staves to bear the table. And thou shalt make the staves of shittim wood and overlay them with gold, that the table may be borne with them. And thou shalt make the dishes thereof and spoons thereof and covers thereof and bowls thereof, to cover withal, of pure gold shalt thou make them.

Exodus 25:30 And thou shalt set upon the table shewbread before me always.

Exodus 25:31-38 And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold. Of beaten work shall the candlestick be made. His shaft and his branches, his bowls, his knops and his flowers shall be of the same. And six branches shall come out of the sides of it. Three branches of the candlestick out of the one side and three branches of the candlestick out of the other side. Three bowls made like unto almonds, with a knop.(a small decorative knob).and a flower in one branch and three bowls made like almonds in the other branch, with a knop and a flower; so in the six branches that come out of the candlestick. And in the candlestick shall be four bowls made like unto almonds with their knops and their flowers. And there shall be a knop under two branches of the same and a knop under two branches of the same and a knop under two branches of the same, according to the six branches that proceed out of the candlestick. Their knops and their branches shall be of the same. All it shall be one beaten work of pure gold. And thou shalt make the seven lamps thereof and they shall light the lamps thereof, that they may give light over against it. And the tongs thereof and the snuffdishes thereof, shall be of pure gold.

Exodus 25:39 Of a talent.(see Jewish money).of pure gold shall he make it, with all these vessels.

Exodus 25:40 And look that you make them after their pattern, which was showed you in the mount.
 

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