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P o t p o u r r i  J
(Potpourri Index)

-Jeconiah: He is also called Jehoiachin, Coniah:.1Chronicles 3:16,; Jeremiah 22:24; 27:20; 37:1. In the New Testament the spelling of his name is Jechonias:.Matthew 1:10-14

He was son of Jehoiakim, evil king of Judah:.2Kings 24:6.

Jeconiah's birth name was Eliakim:.2Kings 23:34 "And Pharaoh Nechoh made Eliakim the son of Josiah.(how can he be the son of Josiah when he was the son of Jehoiakim?).king in the room of Josiah his father and turned his name to Jehoiakim and took Jehoahaz away and he came to Egypt and died there."

2Chronicles 36:4,5 "And the king of Egypt made Eliakim his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem and turned his name to Jehoiakim....Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign...and he did that which was evil..."

2Chronicles 36:6 "Against him came up Nebuchadnezzar-II king of Babylon and bound him in fetters, to carry him to Babylon"

Jeconiah came to the throne in B.C.E. 599. Some scholars have said he was only eight years of age.(2Chronicles 36:9), but this is in error. He was at the age of eighteen.(2Kings 24:8,9).and was a man: Jeremiah 22:28-30

Jehoiachin/Jeconiah/Coniah was an evil king:.2Chronicles 36:8 "Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim and his abominations which he did and that which was found in him..."

He reigned only three months and ten days:.2Chronicles 36:9.

Nebuchadnezzar-II the king of Babylon took him into captivity in the first of three captivities for the kingdom of Judah, this one taking him and many others to Babylon:.Esther 2:6. Nebuchadnezzar put his brother Zedekiah in as king over Judah.

Jerusalem, the capital of this ancient kingdom of Judah, was an easy prey for Nebuchadnezzar at this time, Judah having been wasted for three or four years by Chaldean, Ammonite and Moabite bands sent by Nebuchadnezzar:.2Kings 24:1-5.

Along with Jeconiah, Nebuchadnezzar also carried off the treasures of Jeconiah's house.(2Kings 24:13)."as God had spoken".to Hezekiah long before:.2Kings 20:16,17. The inhabitants carried off were the best not only in means but in character."none remained save the poorest sort of the people of the land".having neither wealth nor skill to raise war and therefore giving Nebuchadnezzar no fear of rebellion:.2Kings 24:14-16.

After Nebuchadnezzar's death and thirty-six years of imprisonment his successor Evil-merodach set Jeconiah free and favored him:.2Kings 24:10-12; 2Kings 25:27-30; Jeremiah 52:31-34.

It's the same story all throughout the Old Testament; keep God in your life and things go well or leave God and things don't go well. This is so one will wake up and the automatic workings God set up in the universe can be a blessing, instead of a curse.

Jeconiah/Jehoiachin/Coniah/Eliakim was succeeded by his uncle, Mattaniah Zedekiah.


-Jehoahaz: 11th king of Israel. Also known by his birth name, Shallum. Reigned 17 years, approximately B.C.E. 858 to 841. 

2Kings 13:1,2 "In the three and twentieth year of Joash the son of Ahaziah king of Judah, Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria and reigned seventeen years. And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD and followed the sins of Jeroboam I the son of Nebat, which made Israel to sin; he departed not therefrom."

Jehoahaz of Israel worshipped the golden calves Jeroboam I made and the groves.Ahab made for idolatrous worship:.1Kings 16:33. The groves to Asherah.are seen still standing in Samaria from the time of Ahab. 

Hazael of Syria and his son Benhadad, as his commander in chief, scourged the people in Jehoahaz's realm:.2Kings 13:3-8. Because of his evilness and those of the people over which he was king, Israel was invaded and reduced by the Syrians under Hazael and Benhadad. King Jehoahaz humbled himself before God and deliverance came by the hand of Joash his son and Jeroboam II:.2Kings 13:5.

2Kings 13:9 "And Jehoahaz slept with his fathers and they buried him in Samaria and Joash his son reigned in his stead."
 


-Jehoahaz: a king of Judah. His birth name was Shallum, meaning 'retribution':.Jeremiah 22:11 "For thus says the LORD touching Shallum the son of Josiah king of Judah, which reigned instead of Josiah his father, which went forth out of this place. He shall not return thither any more." 1Chronicles 3:15 "And the sons of Josiah were, the firstborn Johanan, the second Jehoiakim, the third Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum.(Shallum was aka this Jehoahaz here)."

Jehoahaz/Shallum was third son and successor of Josiah king of Judah, B.C.E. 609:.2Kings 23:30.

Jehoahaz's son was Jehoash/Joash:.2Chronicles 25:23 "And Joash the king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of.Joash, the son of Jehoahaz..."

2Kings 23:31,32 "Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to reign and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah. And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD according to all that his fathers had done."

Jehoahaz reigned about three months in Jerusalem, before being deposed and replaced by his brother Jehoiakim/Eliakim. Jehoahaz's policy was anti-egyptian therefor Pharaoh-nechoh, at that time at.Riblah.(a city of ancient Syria, in the country of Hamath, at the north-east extremity of Canaan:.Numbers 34:11), sent an army against Jerusalem, which at once yielded and Jehoahaz's people had taxes imposed upon and he lost his kingship, being carried into captivity by Pharaoh-nechoh, king of Egypt:.2Kings 23:34; 2Chronicles 36:5,6.

There he remained a captive till his death and was the first king of Judah that died in exile.
 


-Jehoiakim:.2Kings 23:34 "And Pharaoh-nechoh made Eliakim.(the name Jehoiakim was given at birth).the son of Josiah king in the room of Josiah his father and turned his name to Jehoiakim and took Jehoahaz.(brother of Jehoiakim/Eliakim who was also called Jehoahaz).away and he came to Egypt and died there.".2Chronicles 36:1-4

Eliakim assumed the crown under the name of Jehoahaz. He did not imitate the example of his father Josiah who was a good king. 

The name Jehoiakim means 'he whom Jehovah.(God).has set up'. He was the second son of Josiah and eighteenth king of Judah over which he ruled for eleven years B.C.E. 610-599:.2Kings 23:36,37 "Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Zebudah, the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah. And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his fathers had done."

The evil Jehoiakim replaced his evil brother Jehoahaz on the throne after his brother was taken away to Egypt where he died.

He then was taken into captivity by Nebuchadnezzar-II, king of Babylon:.2Chronicles 36:5.6.

Jeremiah's prophecies were read in B.C.E. 605 to the court of the temple by.Baruch, faithful friend and secretary of Jeremiah, who had written down, from the lips of Jeremiah, all the divine messages to that prophet. Baruch had read these to the people and again to certain princes. 

These last took the book and soon made known its contents to king Jehoiakim, who impiously destroyed it. Baruch wrote it down a second time as before, with some additions:.Jeremiah 36:1-32.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia:."The high character of Baruch and the important part he played in the life and work of Jeremiah induced later generations still further to enhance his reputation and a large number of spurious writings passed under his name, among them the following:.the Apocalypse of Baruch, the Book of Baruch, the Rest of the Words of Baruch, the Gnostic Book of Baruch, the Latin Book of Baruch, composed originally in Latin, a Greek Apocalypse of Baruch, belonging to the 2nd century of our era, another Book of Baruch belonging to the 4th or 5th century.".In addition there were other spurious books based on the.Bible.

After three years of subjection to Babylon, Jehoiakim withheld his tribute and threw off the yoke. He had hoped to make himself independent, but Nebuchadnezzar-II sent bands of Chaldeans, Syrians and Ammonites, to chastise his rebellious vassal:.2Kings 24:1,2.

2Chronicles 36:8-10 "Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim and his abominations which he did and that which was found in him, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah. And Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead. Jehoiachin was eight years old when he began to reign and he reigned three months and ten days in Jerusalem and he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD. And when the year was expired, king Nebuchadnezzar sent and brought him to Babylon with the goodly vessels of the house of the LORD and made Zedekiah his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem."

2Kings 24:6 "So Jehoiakim slept with his fathers and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead."


-Jehoram/Joram: 7th king of.Israel. He was called either name:.2Chronicles 22:5. He was son of Ahab & the bitch Jezebel and successor to his older brother Ahaziah:.2Kings 8:16-18.

He reigned in place of Ahaziah who fell from the second story of his home patio and later died, having no son:.2Kings 1:17

Jehoram reigned 12 years, from B.C.E. 896 to 884. He fell into Jeroboam's sin of worshipping God under the calf symbol, which every Israelite king regarded as a political necessity, but he was not into his father's and motherís Baal.idolatry; he removed the statue of Baal:.2Kings 3:1-3.

At this time in the history of Israel and Judah there was a close alliance begun by Ahab his father with Jehoshaphat king of Judah and continued by himself. 

Jehoram/Joram's first work was to reduce subjection to the Moabites, who had asserted their independence in the reign of his brother Ahaziah. Jehoshaphat, king of Judah and his ally the king of Edom, assisted him in this.

Elisha the prophet went forth with the confederated army.(2Kings 3:5-9).and at the solicitation of Jehoshaphat encouraged the army with the assurance from the Lord of a speedy victory. The Moabites under Mesha their king were utterly routed and their cities destroyed. At Kirharaseth Mesha made a final stand. The Israelites refrained from pressing their victory further than here and returned to their own land.

Elisha afterwards again befriended Jehoram when a war broke out between the Syrians and Israel and in a remarkable way brought that war to a bloodless close:.2Kings 6:21-23.

Jehoram was wounded in a later battle with the Syrians at Ramah and obliged to return to Jezreel:.2Kings 8:28,29; 9:14,15

Jehoram was later pierced by an arrow from Jehu's bow on the piece of ground at Jezreel which Ahab had taken from Naboth and there he died:.2Kings 9:21-28. His body was thrown into the field of Naboth at Jezreel and with him perished any progeny of Ahab:.1Kings 21:17-29.

Soon after, the Jehoram/Joram's army revolted from their allegiance to Jehoram and proclaimed their leader to be Jehu, making him king of Israel:.2Kings 9:1-3.

In the New Testament, written in Greek, he is called Ozias:.Matthew 1:8,9.
 


-Jehoram/Joram:.2Kings 8:16 "And in the fifth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel, Jehoshaphat being then king of Judah, Jehoram.(this Jehoram, also called Joram, so Jehoram/Joram, king of Judah).the son of Jehoshaphat king of.Judah.began to reign."

2Chronicles 21:1,2 "Now Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers and was buried with his fathers in the city of David. And Jehoram his son reigned in his stead. And he had brethren the sons of Jehoshaphat, Azariah and Jehiel and Zechariah and Azariah and Michael and Shephatiah. All these were the sons of Jehoshaphat..."

2Kings 8:17 "Thirty and two years old was he when he began to reign and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem."

2Kings 8:18 "And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, as did the house of Ahab, for the daughter of Ahab was his wife. And he did evil in the sight of the LORD."

Jehoram/Joram was king of Judah, the eldest son and successor of Jehoshaphat on the throne of Judah:.2Kings 8:24.

He reigned rom B.C.E. 892-884, four years with his father and then four years alone. He was an evil king, married to the evil Athaliah, daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, whose influence did much to render his reign a curse to the land. He slew his own brothers and seized their possessions:.2Chonicles 21:4. He didn't follow the good ways of his father Jehoshaphat:.2Chronicles 21:12-20.

However, Jehoram/Joram's daughter Jehosheba was married to the high priest Jehoiada, who both were high quality persons. So we have bad dad and mother but good daughter.

Jehoram/Joram also introduced Phoenician idols and their worship into Judah. The divine wrath was shown in leaving him unaided under a successful revolt of the Edomites.(descendants of Esau).and repeated invasions of the Philistines.and Arabians. His country, the city and his own household were ravaged, his body was afflicted with a frightful dysentericillness and after death a burial in the royal sepulchres was denied him:.2Kings 8:24.

In the beginning of the reigns of Ahab and Jehoshaphat, an attempt was made to end the old feud between Israel and Judah. At the suggestion of Ahab, the two kingdoms, for the first time, joined forces against the common foe from the North, the Syrians. To seal the alliance, Athaliah, daughter of Jezebel and Ahab, was married to Jehoram, evil son of the good king Jehoshaphat.

After Jehoram/Joram's death, his younger son Ahaziah.became king.


-Jehoshaphat: Son of the good spiritually inclined Asa and his wife Azubah. Jehoshaphat began to reign as the 4th king of Judah at the age of 35. The first three years he reigned with his father who was incapacitated due to a disease in his feet. Then he reigned for 22 years on his own, beginning at B.C.E. 914, 25 years in all:.1Kings 15:24 "And Asa slept with his fathers and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his forefather and Jehoshaphat his son reigned in his stead."

He was one of the best kings of Judah:.2Chronicles 22:9 "... Jehoshaphat, who sought the LORD with all his heart..."

His mother was Azubah, the daughter of Shilhi, of whom nothing further is known. Jehoshaphat's son was Jehoram/Joram.

He walked in the good ways of his father Asa and forefather David. He took away the high places and groves out of Judah:.2Chronicles 17:3-6; 19:1-4. He left the high places where the people used in worship of the true God, because as yet the people had not prepared their hearts unto the God of their fathers:.2Chronicles 20:33.

All that depended on him he did, but the people could not yet rise up to his spirituality so as to worship God without any visible altar, so the one at Jerusalem was left. To remedy the ignorance of the people regarding the book of the law, in the third year of his reign he sent a commission of five princes, nine Levites and two priests to go through the cities of Judah, teaching them in it. It was a model for rulers as to national education:.Deuteronomy 11:19-21.

He fought a battle with the Syrian king Benhadad. The whole thing was quite humorous.

Jehoshaphat of Judah failed in a commercial enterprise of building ships even with some help offered by another king of Israel, Ahaziah. After the first build of ships that were wrecked, Jehoshaphat tried again. A new fleet was fitted out without any cooperation from Ahaziah the king of Israel. It was successful, but the trade expected to be carried on them never took place. Why wasn't the venture successful and what brought Jehoshaphat to the point of not wanting to try again and having had enough of this venture?.1Kings 22:48,49; 2Chronicles 20:35-37.

God had given Jehoshaphat peace in the kingdom and he was greatly respected. The Philistines and the Arabians even brought him presents. He increased in riches and was strengthened greatly. His heart was good. He relied on God as best he knew how. He had sent Levites and priests throughout all Judah, to teach the people about God.

He erred also. He made alliance with idolatrous Israel and in allowing his son to marry Athaliah the corrupt daughter of Ahab and Jezebel. He erred again in going with Ahab to war and nearly lost his life, but God delivered him.

He was rebuked by Jehu the seer for this. Then he set his heart to bring all his people to again learn about the Lord:.2Chronicles 19:1-4. Under Jehoahaz there was government that cared deeply for people:.2Chronicles 19:4-8.

He died at the age of sixty years:.1Kings 22:50
 


-Jehu: 10th King of Israel, the son of a man named Jehoshaphat who was not a king:.2Kings 9:2. Not to be confused with the prophet Jehu.

Jehu reigned 28 years, B.C.E.884 to 856. Jehu was formerly a general in Jehoram/Joram's army:.2Kings 10:36.

Jehu's son was Jehoahaz:.2Kings 14:8 "Then Amaziah sent messengers to Jehoash, the son of Jehoahaz son of Jehu, king of Israel, saying, Come, let us look one another in the face."

Both Jehu and Hazael, king of Syria were used by God as 'cleansers' to rid the country of those steeped in the teachings and worshiping of Baal:.1Kings 19:15-18; 2Kings 9:1-13; 10:11,32.

Jehu went after Jehoram/Joram of Israel as Jehoram/Joram was of the house of wicked Ahab:.2Kings 9:14-28. He also got rid of Ahab's evil wife Jezebel:.2Kings 9:30-37.

But Jehu, though through most of his reign was all for God, ended up not too good:.2Kings 10:29-31. Nevertheless, God appreciated what was done in accordance with what God told Elijah to tell Jehu to do, so God said to him that his children to the fourth generation should sit upon the throne:.2Kings 10:30.

Jehu dies and his son begins his reign:.2Kings 10:34,35.
 


-Jehu: The son of Hanani, a prophet, sent with messages from God to Baasha king of Israel and many years afterwards, to Jehoshaphat king of Judah:.1Kings 16:1-7; 2Chronicles 19:1-3; 20:34.

-Jerusalem: Jerusalem means 'teaching of peace', 'city of peace', which it has hardly been since its inception.

In the New Testament, it has a spiritual meaning, applicable for today:.John 4:23,24; 1Corinthians 15:44-50; Galatians 4:26; Hebrews 12:22; 1Peter 3:4; Revelation 3:12; 11:8; 21:2; Philippians 3:3 "For we...worship God in the spirit and rejoice in Christ Emmanuel and have no confidence in the flesh."

In ancient times Jerusalem was called the city of David and Zion, Samaria.and Tirzah. Samaria also applied to the country Israel occupied.

Outside the gate of the city of Jerusalem is where Emmanuel was crucified:.John 19:17; Hebrews 13:11-13.

-Jezebel:.(comprised with.Easton's Bible Dictionary

This was the first time that a king of Israel.(Ahab).had allied himself by marriage with a heathen princess and the alliance was in this case of a peculiarly disastrous kind. Jezebel has stamped her name on history as the representative of all those who design crafty, malicious, revengeful and cruel ways.

She is the first great instigator of persecution against the saints of God.

What did God think of Jezebel?

Guided by no principle, restrained by no fear of either God or man, passionate in her selfish attachment to her heathen.(not acknowledging God as Supreme Being).worship, she spared no pains to maintain idolatry around her in all its splendor. Four hundred and fifty prophets ministered under her care to Baal, besides four hundred prophets of the groves.(places of idolatrous.worship), which ate at her table:.1Kings 18:19. The idolatry, too, was of the most debased and sensual kind.

Her conduct was in many respects very disastrous to the kingdom both of Israel and Judah:.1Kings 21:1-29.

At length she came to an untimely end. As Jehu rode into the gates of Jezreel, she looked out at the window of the palace and said "Had Zimri peace, who slew his master?". Such 'a smart ass' woman she was. He looked up and called to her chamberlains, who instantly threw her from the window, so that she was dashed in pieces on the street and his horses trod her under their feet.

She was immediately consumed by the dogs of the street, according to the word of Elijah the Tishbite.(American Tract Society Bible Dictionary: From 'Tishbe' in the tribe of Naphtali, where Elijah was born, 1Kings 17:1; 2Kings 9:7-37):.1Kings 21:19
 


-John The Baptist:.Luke 1:7-25 "And they had no child, because that Elisabeth was barren and they both were now well stricken in years...And there appeared unto him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of the altar of incense. And when Zacharias saw him, he was troubled and fear fell upon him. But the angel said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias, for your prayer is heard and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear you a son and thou shalt call his name John. And you shalt have joy and gladness and many shall rejoice at his birth. For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink.(John may have been a Nazarite from his birth).and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother's womb. And many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God. And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just, to make ready a people prepared for the Lord. And Zacharias said unto the angel, Whereby shall I know this? for I am an old man and my wife well stricken in years. And the angel answering said unto him, I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God and am sent to speak unto you and to show you these glad tidings. And, behold, you shalt be dumb and not able to speak until the day that these things shall be performed because you believed not my words, which shall be fulfilled in their season...And after those days his wife Elisabeth conceived and hid herself five months, saying,  Thus has the Lord dealt with me in the days wherein he looked on me, to take away my reproach among men."

Comprised from.Easton's Bible Dictionary: John had the Holy Spirit from birth.

This John, called John the baptist was the 'forerunner of our Lord':.Matthew 3:1-6. His father, Zacharias, was a priest of the course of Abia.(Luke 1:5).and his mother, Elisabeth, was of the daughters of Aaron:.Luke 1:5. The mission of John was the subject of prophecy:.Matthew 3:3; Isaiah 40:3; Malachi 3:1.

His birth, which took place six months before that of Emmanuel, was foretold by the angel Gabriel:.Luke 1:5-25. Zacharias, deprived of the power of speech as a token of God's truth and a reproof of his own incredulity with reference to the birth of his son, had the power of speech restored to him on the occasion of his circumcision:.Luke 1:64. At this time in the New Testament, the Old Testament.Mosaic Law was still in effect until Emmanuel's death and resurrection.

After this no more is recorded of him for thirty years than what is mentioned in Luke 1:80. He spent his early years in the mountainous tract of Judah lying between Jerusalem and the Dead Sea:.Matthew 3:1-15

At length he came forth into public life and great multitudes from."every quarter".were attracted to him. The sum of his preaching was the necessity of repentance:.Matthew 21:32. He denounced the Sadducees and Pharisees as a."generation of vipers".and warned them of the folly of trusting to external privileges:.Luke 3:8.

As a preacher, John was eminently practical and discriminating. Self love and covetousness were the prevalent causes of inequities of the people at large, as they also are today. On them, therefore, he enjoined charity.(old English word for love).and consideration for others. The publicans he cautioned against extortion, the soldiers against crime and plunder.

His doctrine and manner of life roused the entire south of Palestineand the people from all parts flocked to the place where he was, on the banks of the Jordan. There he baptized thousands unto repentance

The fame of John reached the ears of Emmanuel in Nazareth.(Matthew 3:5).and he came from Galilee to Jordan to be baptized of John, on the special ground because it became him to."fulfil all righteousness":.Matthew 3:15.

John's special office ceased with the baptism of Emmanuel, who must now."increase". He continued, however, for a while to bear testimony to the Messiahship of Emmanuel. He pointed him out to his disciples, saying."Behold the Lamb of God".

John the Baptist's.(as he was called).public ministry was suddenly brought to a close by his being cast into prison by Herod Antipas the tetrarch.(this Herod Antipas {Luke 3:1} was one of the three sons {Herod Antipas, Herod Philip and Herod Archelaus and there were other Herods} of Herod the Great, a Roman king of Judea B.C.E. 73 to 4 A.D.), whom he had reproved for having taken to himself the wife of his half brother Herod Philip. Her name was Herodias: Luke 3:19,20. Reproving Herod Antipas was not a wise move. Why?.

John the Baptist was like Stephen. Perhaps he said what he should not have said, as it did no good at all and got him killed. He was shut up in the castle of Machaerus, a fortress on the southern extremity of Peraea, 9 miles east of the Dead Sea and here he was beheaded because of a bad woman named Herodias and her daughter Salome. Salome was later married to her father's.(Herod Antipas).half-brother Herod Philip from whom Herodias, her mother, left to marry Herod Antipas. What a mishmash!

The disciples of Emmanuel, having consigned the headless body of John the Baptist to the grave, went and told Emmanuel all that had occurred:.Matthew 14:3-12; Mark 6:17-28.

John's death occurred apparently just before the third Passover of our Lord's ministry. Our Lord himself testified regarding him that he was a."burning and a shining light":.John 5:35.

-Joshua:.Comprised from Easton's Bible Dictionary: Joshua means 'God is his help'. The son of Nun, of the tribe of Ephraim, the successor of Moses as the leader of Israel. He is called Jehoshua.(actually 'Iesous' as there was no letter 'J' in the alphabet until so much later).in Numbers 13:16 and Emmanuel in Acts 7:45, Hebrews 4:8.

He was born in Egypt and was probably of the age of Caleb, with whom he is generally associated. He shared in all the events of the Exodus and held the place of commander of the host of the Israelites at their great battle against the Amalekites in Rephidim. He became a minister or servant of Moses and accompanied him part of the way when he ascended Mount Sinai to receive the two tables:.Exodus 32:15,16. He was also one of the twelve who were sent on by Moses to explore the land of Canaan Numbers 13:16,17 and only he and Caleb gave an encouraging report. Under the direction of God, Moses, before his death, invested Joshua in a public and solemn manner with authority over the people as his successor:.Deuteronomy 31:23.

-Jotham: 12th king of Judah B.C.E. 758-742; son and successor of Uzziah. He appears to have been for some years regent before the death of Uzziah his leprous father Uzziah, but ascended the throne at the age of twenty-five years and reigned sixteen years. He was a king who delighted having God in his heart and therefor being wise, had a prosperous reign:.2Kings 15:32-34; 2Chronicles 27:6.

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