The word 'saint' means 'holy' and that means one separated from the
ego world by his/her high
to the Creator and because of that, he or she is whole
and is a well balanced human being:.Matthew
11:30. A saint is one who knows holiness;
a saint is a believer in Christ:.Deuteronomy
33:2; Psalms 16:3; Daniel
7:18; Romans 1:7; 8:27;
1:1; Hebrews 6:10. Do
saints live forever?
Originally the city of Samaria in Israel.(map).had
the name of Tirzah:.1Kings
16:23. In the heart of the mountains of Israel, a few miles north west
of Shechem, stands the hill of Shomeron, a solitary
mountain. It is an oblong
hill, with steep but not inaccessible
sides and a long flat top.
the king of Israel, purchased this hill from Shemer its owner for two talents
of silver and built on its broad.summit
the city to which he gave the name of Shomeron, i.e.,
Samaria, as the new capital of his kingdom of Israel instead of Tirzah:.1Kings
16:24. As such it possessed many advantages.
In the time of Christ, manifested
on Earth in the physical presence of Emmanuel,
was divided into three provinces,
Judea, Samaria and Galilee. Samaria occupied the centre of Palestine:.John
4:4. It is not regarded as a part of the ancient Holy Land at all.
It may be noticed that the distance between Samaria and Jerusalem, the
respective capitals of the two kingdoms of Israel and Judah, is only 35
miles in a direct line.(map).
an inhabitant of the city of Samaria or an inhabitant of the region of
Revised Bible Dictionary: The name given to the new and mixed inhabitants
whom Esarhaddon, king of Assyria, brought from Babylon
and other places and settled in the cities of Samaria in B.C.E.
677, instead of the original inhabitants whom Sargon
earlier in B.C.E. 721 had removed into captivity:.2Kings
17:24. Compare Ezra 4:2,9,10.
with the Jews still remaining in the land and gradually abandoned their
old idolatry and adopted partly the Jewish religion, partly in that they
only accepted the Law, also known now as the pentateuch.
The Samaritans recognized
only the Torah as their Bible.
After the return from the Captivity, the Jews in Jerusalem refused to allow
them to take part with them in rebuilding the temple and hence sprang up
an open enmity
between them. They erected a rival temple on Mount Gerizim, which was,
however, destroyed by a Jewish king in B.C.E. 130. They then built another
The bitter enmity between
the Jews and Samaritans continued in the time of our Lord:.John
4:9 "Then said the woman of Samaria unto him, How is it that you, being
a Jew, ask drink of me, which am a woman of Samaria? for the Jews have
no dealings with the Samaritans."
Those who castigated
held the Samaritans
The Jews had."no
dealings with the Samaritans":.John
4:9; compare Luke 9:52,53.
Our Lord was in contempt called 'a Samaritan':.John
Many of the Samaritans early
embraced the gospel.
See their history:.John
4:5-42; Acts 8:25; 9:31;
Of these Samaritans there still remains a small population of about one
hundred and sixty, who all reside in Shechem, where they carefully observe
the religious customs of their fathers. They are the smallest and oldest
sect in the world.
Revised Bible Dictionary:."On
the return from the Exile, the Jews refused the Samaritans participation
with them in the worship at Jerusalem and the latter separated from all
fellowship with them and built a temple for themselves on Mount Gerizim.
This temple was razed to the ground more than one hundred years B.C. Then
a system of worship was instituted similar to that of the temple at Jerusalem.
It was founded on the Law, copies of which had been multiplied in Israel
as well as in Judah. Thus the Pentateuch was preserved among the Samaritans,
although they never called it by this name, but always "the Law, " which
they read as one book. The division into five books, as we now have it,
however, was adopted by the Samaritans, as it was by the Jews, in all their
priests' copies of 'the Law', for the sake of convenience. This was the
only portion of the Old Testament which was accepted by the Samaritans
as of divine authority. The form of the letters in the manuscript copies
of the Samaritan Pentateuch is different from that of the Hebrew copies,
and is probably the same as that which was in general use before the Captivity.
There are other peculiarities in the writing which need not here be specified.
There are important differences between the Hebrew and the Samaritan copies
of the Pentateuch in the readings of many sentences. In about two thousand
instances in which the Samaritan and the Jewish texts differ, the LXX
agrees with the former. The New
Testament also, when quoting from the Old
Testament, agrees as a rule with the Samaritan text, where that differs
from the Jewish. Thus Exodus 12:40 in the Samaritan reads,."Now
the sojourning of the children of Israel and of their fathers which they
had dwelt in the land of Canaan and in Egypt was four hundred and thirty
in the Masoretic Text."Now
the time that the children of Israel dwelt in Egypt was four hundred and
story of the good Samaritan?
is that relationship with God into which men enter by faith in Christ.
is also a Saul of the
New Testment, whose name was changed to
the famous apostle,
but here we are talking of Saul of the Old
Testament, a man who started off good and then later allowed his heart
to be turned away from God, under influence from the many pagan
women he had.
Saul was the first king of
Israel, about B.C.E. 1020
Israel split into the two nations called Israel
and Judah. God had brought this to occur:.1Kings
God tried Saul's heart. The
People in ancient times
were as they are today, afraid of God and preferring instead a human ruler
13:21 "Then at their request for a king.(1Samuel
8:1-20 and, God
up His plan as things go along),
God gave them Saul, the son of Kish, a man of the family of Benjamin, who
was their king for forty years."
This was the beginning of
the Israelites unity. Like those long before and even after Saul was gone,
the people didn't want to be unified under their Creator.(Jeremiah
44:16,17). The people wanted a
not God to be over them, because that's the consciousness they were in.
They just didn't have the heart.(?).for
the things of God and most often they used idols
to worship other than the true God.
Saul started off humble:.1Samuel
9:21; 15:17. Saul started
off kind and helpful to others and stood up for those in trouble even before
he became king:.1Samuel
11:3-15. Here he was a good man.
Later Saul became
even crazy at times:.1Samuel
16:23; 18:10,11; 22:17,18;
What was it that led this once humble man to go a little nuts? We'll see.
So, Saul lost what he had
and God chose David and took away His attention from and special spirit
that He had given Saul:.2Samuel
7:15 "But my mercy shall not depart away from him as I took it from
Saul, whom I put away before you."
More on Saul as you read
the life of David, whom
Saul was extremely jealous of and came to hate with a passion.
With David, Saul's successor,
the kingdom acquired greatness; but back to Saul for now:
10:1-6 "Then Samuel took a vial of oil and poured it upon his head
and kissed him and said, Is it not because the LORD has anointed you to
be captain over his inheritance? When you are departed from me to day,
then you'll find two men by Rachel's sepulchre
in the border of Benjamin at Zelzah and they will say unto you, The asses
which you went to seek are found and lo, your father has left the care
of the asses and sorrows for you, saying, What shall I do for my son? Then
go on forward from thence and come to the plain of Tabor and there shall
meet you three men going up to God to Bethel, one carrying three kids
and another carrying three loaves of bread and another carrying a bottle
of wine. And they will salute you and give you two loaves of bread, which
you shall receive of their hands. After that you shall come to the hill
of God, where is the garrison of the Philistines.
And it shall come to pass, when you are come thither to the city, that
you shall meet a company of prophets coming down from the high place with
a psaltery and a tabret and a pipe and a harp, before them and they shall
10:6 And the.Spirit
of the Lord.will
come upon you and you shalt prophesy with them and shall be turned into
10:7,8 And let it be, when these signs are come unto you, that
you do as occasion serves you, for God is with you. And you shall
go down before me to Gilgal and behold, I will come down unto you, to offer
burnt offerings and to sacrifice sacrifices of peace offerings. Seven days
shalt you tarry, till I come to you and show you what you shall do.
Revised Bible Dictionary:."The
simple countryman was transformed into the king of Israel, a remarkable
change suddenly took place in his whole demeanor
and the people said in their astonishment, as they looked on the stalwart
son of Kish "Is Saul also among the prophets?" ...The time had come when
the transaction must be confirmed by the nation. ...At the invitation of
people went to Gilgal and there they made Saul king before the Lord in
now officially anointed him as king:.1Samuel
11:15 "And all the people went to Gilgal
and there they made Saul king before the LORD in Gilgal and there they
sacrificed sacrifices of peace offerings before the LORD and there Saul
and all the men of Israel rejoiced greatly."
"Saul's reign, however, continued
to be one of almost constant war against his enemies round about.(1Samuel
all of which he proved victorious. The war against the Amalekites
is the only one which is recorded at length:.1Samuel
15:1-7. These oldest and hereditary.(Exodus
17:8-16; Numbers 14:43-45).enemies
of Israel occupied the territory to the south and southwest of Palestine.
Samuel summoned Saul to execute the 'ban' which God had pronounced.(Deuteronomy
this cruel and relentless foe of Israel. ...This command was 'the test
of his moral qualification for being king'. Saul proceeded to execute the
divine command and gathering the people together, marched from Telaim.(1Samuel
the Amalekites, whom he smote."from
Havilah until thou comest to Shur", utterly
the people with the edge of the sword", i.e.,
all that fell into his hands. He was, however, guilty of rebellion and
disobedience in sparing Agag their king and in conniving at his soldiers'
sparing the best of the sheep and cattle and Samuel, following Saul to
Gilgal, in the Jordan valley, said unto him.(said
unto him these things:.1Samuel
15:13-35). So, the kingdom was
Saul and was given to another, even to David,
whom the Lord chose to be Saul's successor. ...From that day."the
spirit of the Lord departed from Saul and an evil spirit from the Lord
"Even though David was chosen
by God as the new king, Saul continued on reigning as king for some
28:5-19 "And when Saul saw the host of the Philistines, he was afraid,
and his heart greatly trembled. And when Saul enquired of the Lord, the
Lord answered him not, neither by dreams, nor by Urim,
nor by prophets. Then said Saul unto his servants, Seek me a woman that
hath a familiar spirit, that I may go to her and enquire of her. And his
servants said to him, Behold, there is a woman that hath a familiar spirit
at Endor. And Saul disguised himself and put on other raiment and he went
and two men with him and they came to the woman by night. And he said,
I pray thee, divine unto me by the familiar spirit and bring me him up,
whom I shall name unto thee. And the woman said unto him, Behold, thou
knowest what Saul hath done, how he hath cut off those that have familiar
spirits, and the wizards, out of the land. Wherefore then layest thou a
snare for my life, to cause me to die? And Saul sware to her by the Lord,
saying, As the Lord liveth, there shall no punishment happen to thee for
this thing. Then said the woman, Whom shall I bring up unto thee? And he
said, Bring me up Samuel. And when the woman saw Samuel, she cried with
a loud voice and the woman spake to Saul, saying, Why hast thou deceived
me? For thou art Saul. And the king said unto her, Be not afraid. For what
sawest thou? And the woman said unto Saul, I saw gods ascending out of
the earth. And he said unto her, What form is he of? And she said, An old
man cometh up, and he is covered with a mantle. And Saul perceived
that it was Samuel.(whether
it was just some spirit or not, who knows?).and
he stooped with his face to the ground and bowed himself. And Samuel said
to Saul, Why hast thou disquieted me, to bring me up? And Saul answered,
I am sore distressed, for the Philistines make war against me and God
is departed from me and answereth me no more, neither by prophets,
nor by dreams. Therefore I have called thee, that you may make known unto
me what I shall do. Then said Samuel, Wherefore then dost thou ask of me,
seeing the Lord is departed from thee and is become thine enemy? And the
Lord has done to him, as he spake by me, for the Lord hath rent
the kingdom out of thine hand and given it to thy neighbour, even to David;
Because thou obeyedst not the voice of the Lord, nor executedst his fierce
wrath upon Amalek, therefore hath the Lord done this thing unto thee this
day. Moreover the Lord will also deliver Israel with thee into the hand
of the Philistines and to morrow shalt thou and thy sons be with me, the
Lord also shall deliver the host of Israel into the hand of the Philistines."
31:1-9 "Now the Philistines
fought against Israel and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines
and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. And the Philistines followed hard
upon Saul and upon his sons and the Philistines slew Jonathan and Abinadab
and Malchishua, Saul's sons. And the battle went sore against Saul and
the archers hit him and he was sore wounded of the archers. Then said Saul
unto his armourbearer, Draw thy sword and thrust me through therewith lest
these uncircumcised come and thrust me through and abuse me. But his armourbearer
would not, for he was sore afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword and fell
upon it. And when his armourbearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise
upon his sword and died with him. So Saul died and his three sons and his
armourbearer and all his men, that same day together. And when the men
of Israel that were on the other side of the valley and they that were
on the other side Jordan, saw that the men of Israel fled and that Saul
and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities and fled and the Philistines
came and dwelt in them. And it came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines
came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen
in mount Gilboa. And they cut off his head and stripped off his armour
and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to publish it in
the house of their idols and among the people."