Problems of Knowledge: The Managua Lectures, 1987, M I T Press. Noam
Chomsky knows much about
how humans acquire language.
epithymum): grows over other plants,
extracting all its food from them through specially designed attachments
which can penetrate the cells of its host. The diversity God built into
creation is astounding!
from an article in.The
Telegraph, London, England, as appeared in.The
Calgary Herald (calgaryherald.com), March 21,
1999, page D3:."Evolution
experts are quietly admitting that one of their most cherished examples
of Charles Darwin's theory, the rise and fall of the peppered moth, is
based on a series of scientific blunders.
Experiments using the moth in the 1950s and long believed to prove the
truth of natural selection are now thought to be worthless, having been
designed to come up with the right answer.
"Scientists now admit that
they do not know the real explanation for the fate of Biston betularia,
whose story is recounted in almost every textbook on evolution."
"According to the standard
account, only one version of Biston existed before the mid 19th century;
a white variety peppered with black spots.
"During the Industrial
Revolution its numbers plummeted
because pollution made it an easy prey for birds as.(this
mostly white moth).rested
on the blackened.(from
of trees. It its place.(allegedly
having adapted to its environment),
a mutant, pitch
black form of the peppered moth began to thrive, as it could rest on tree
trunks without fear of being eaten. Precisely as predicted by Darwin's
theory of natural selection, this 'fitter' mutant moth rapidly outnumbered
the white version, reaching 100 per cent levels in some industrial areas.
"However, in the 1950s, researchers
discovered a resurgence
of the white variety, prompting the idea that Darwin had struck again through
the Clean Air Acts, which had led to the return of unpolluted trees. These
allowed the white moths to regain their Darwinian ascendency,
while the numbers of the now all to visible black variety fell.
"This neat example of Darwinian
evolution in action has been thought to be supported by solid evidence
in the form of experiments begun in the 1950s by the late Oxford University
scientist Dr. Bernard Kettlewell. But now, evolution experts are pointing
to blunders in Kettlewell's research that undermine the theory about the
rise and fall of Biston.
"Scientists are beginning
to concede that
the white variety
again well before the return of pollution free trees, while the black type
continued to thrive in areas unaffected by industry.
"Experiments have also shown
that neither moth chooses resting places best suited to its camouflage.
"Most damning of all, despite
40 years of effort, scientists have seen only two moths resting on trees,
the key element of the standard story and Kettlewell's experiments.
"According to Dr. Michael
Majerus, an expert on the moth at the University of Cambridge, Kettlewell
tried to confirm the standard story simply by pinning dead.(which
color they dont't tell us, but perhaps the blackened ones).moths
on to parts of the trees where they could be seen easily by birds.
"Majerus said "He stuck them
in low branches because he wanted to sit in his hide.(an
enclosure so the watcher can't be seen by animals).and
watch them being eaten. They actually seem to rest in the shadows under
branches, which makes even the black ones difficult to spot by birds.
"Scientists are now beginning
to doubt even the basic presumption that birds were responsible for the
changing fortunes of the different types of Biston.
"According to Professor
Jerry Coyne, an expert on evolution at the University of Chicago, when
Kettlewell could not get the moths he needed naturally, he bred them in
his laboratory. "That could affect their vigour, so the level of bird predation
he saw was just due to the fact that his moths were raised in the lab"
"In one case, Kettlewell
actually used to warm them up on the bonnet.(hood).of
his car." "I'm certainly not saying that Darwin is wrong" he said. "The
real cause is probably connected with pollution, but beyond that, I wouldn't
want to go." He added, however, that Kettlewell's widely quoted experiments
are essentially useless. "There's a lot of wishful thinking and design
flaws in them and they wouldn't get published today."
Dawkins, professor of the public understanding of science at Oxford
University and author of.The
The details of any experiments done 40 years ago are bound to be vulnerable
to detailed criticism. But in any case, nothing momentous hangs in these
Chris D. Osborne's Master's
of the English Peppered Moth's Use as an Example of Evolution in Progress,
available from the Institute for Creation Research.(icr.org),
Santee, CA. 1985, provides more on the above.
It is alleged in the 'phraud'
that it took decades for the adaption to occur. However, the African savannah
grasshopper can change color instantly! Obviously the modern evolutionary
theory is as bad and even worse than Darwin's, because of fraudulent.underhanded.methods
used to prove validity.
University professor Gary
Parker in his book.Creation
Facts of Life, 1994, Master Books, states:."Darwin
himself was a cautious scientist, painstaking in his work. But others,
H. Huxley and Herbert Spencer,
insisted on making natural
selection the touchstone of a new religion, a 'religion without revelation'
as Julian Huxley later
called it. For them, as for many others, the real significance of the Darwinian
revolution was religious and philosophic, not scientific. These early evolutionists
were basically anti creationists who wanted to explain design without a
was the beginning of a con
job that continues to foster.tentacles
throughout education worldwide. Was it part of a plan to
dumb down individuals?
Do you know what
Darwin thought of his book The Origin of Species?