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Interlinked Dictionary© based on 
Merriam-Webster's Collegiate® Dictionary (m-w.com)
and Star Dictionary
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prion.noun,.plural.prions
short for proteinaceous (protein) infectious particle; a microscopic protein particle similar to what has been named a virus but lacking either of the two nucleic acids, thought to be an infectious agent of certain diseases of the nervous system

propound, propounded, propounding, propounds.transitive verbs
to offer for discussion or consideration
propounder.noun

protrude, protruded, protruding, protrudes.transitive verbs
to stick out; to obtrude; to thrust forward or out; bulge
protrusive, protrudent, protrusible, protrusile.adjectives
protrusively.adverb
protrusion.noun,.plural.protrusions
intransitive verb use.to jut out; protrude; bulge

PLANETS:.the planets of our solar system


Mercury.noun
the closest planet in our solar system to the Sun, Mercury is 81.37 million miles away from Earth and 36 million miles from the Sun.


Venus.noun
is 121.3 million miles away. Venus rotates clockwise and all the other planets in our solar system counterclockwise. Venus is the brightest object in the sky after the brightness of the Sun and Moon. It is only visible for 3 hours after sunrise and before sunset, that is, if you can see it then.


Earth.noun
is the fifth largest planet of our solar system. Its circumference is 24,902 miles (40,076 kms). Its diameter is about 8000 miles (exactly 7,926.41 miles). No one is sure exactly how the internal temperature in the Earth's core is generated and maintained.

The fluid core of the Earth has a slightly different rate of rotation as compared to the mantle that surrounds it.

From the inside out, the Earth's inner core takes up 20% the distance to the surface or about 800 miles (1,300 kilometers). The outer core takes up another 1376 miles (2215 kms), the mantle, a thick layer of rock just below the crust, is about 1800 miles (2900 kms) and the crust, about 16 miles (25 kms). The temperature is about 870ºC (1600ºF) just underneath the crust.

Earth's speed is also interesing.


Mars.noun
next planet to Earth, Mars is 151.2 million miles away; uapress.arizona.edu and search for books on Mars


Jupiter.noun
The fifth planet from the Sun, 377 million miles away, the largest and most massive in the solar system, having a sidereal period of revolution about the Sun of 11.86 years at a mean (average) distance of 777 million kilometers (483 million miles), a mean diameter of approximately 138,000 kilometers (86,000 miles) and a mass approximately 318 times that of Earth.

No one is sure where Jupiter came from and how it got to where it is and why it is there, in that particular spot among the planets.

Levels of argon in Jupiter's atmosphere are not like those observed in comets. Comets were thought to be the building blocks for planets like these. "Probe measurements reveal that they are not the same."  ... Tobias Owens, physicist at the University of Hawaii. "The pattern in the Jupiter data is not what is seen in comets." ... Kevin Zahnie, NASA's Ames Research Centre in Moffet Field, California. A gas giant like Saturn, Uranus, Neptune.

Jupiter has many moons. Jupiter's largest and brightest moon, Ganymede, is double the size of Europa, one of the four brightest. It's orbital period is precisely synchronized to be twice that of Europa.

Jupiter makes sounds. Jupiter's Electromagnetic voices, music and the Solfeggio tones 528 Hz, 639Hz, 741Hz and 852 Hz. Type into YouTube. The complex interactions of charged electromagnetic particles from the solar wind, planetary magnetosphere etc. create vibrations / sound-scopes.

There are also Alpha brainwave entrainment at a rhythm of 8Hz at a phantom Solfeggio tone of 174Hz. To feel an extra spacey meditation effect; listen to this with stereo headphones.

Jupiter is mostly composed of hydrogen and helium. The entire planet is made of gas, with no solid surface under the atmosphere. The pressures and temperatures deep in Jupiter are so high, that gases form a gradual transition into liquids which in turn are gradually compressed into metallic 'plasma' where the molecules have been stripped of outer electrons. The winds of Jupiter are a thousand meters per second relative to the rotating interior.

Jupiter's magnetic field is four thousand times stronger than Earth's and is tipped by 11° degrees of axis spin. This causes the magnetic field to wobble, which has a profound effect on trapped electronically charged particles. This plasma of charged particles is accelerated beyond the magnetosphere of Jupiter to speeds of tens of thousands of kilometers per second. It is these magnetic particle vibrations which generate some of the sound you hear on recordings of Jupiter's sounds


Saturn.noun
The sixth planet from the Sun and the second largest in the solar system, having a sidereal period of revolution about the Sun of 29.5 years at a mean distance of about 1,425,000,000 kilometers (886,000,000 miles), a mean (average) diameter of approximately 119,000 kilometers (74,000 miles) and a mass 95 times that of Earth. A gas giant like Jupiter, Uranus and Neptune, it is 966.8 million miles from Earth.


Uranus.noun
The seventh planet from the Sun, 1.8 billion miles away, revolving about it every 84.07 years at a distance of approximately 2,869 million kilometers (1,790 million miles), having a mean equatorial diameter of 52,290 kilometers (32,480 miles) and a mass 14.6 times that of Earth. A gas giant like Jupiter, Saturn and Neptune.


Neptune.noun
The planet 8th in order from the Sun, 2.7 billion miles away whose rings break the mold of Saturn, the 6th planet from the Sun. Neptune has a sidereal period of revolution around the sun of 164.8 years at a mean (averaged, intermediate) distance of 4.5 billion kilometers (2.8 billion miles), a mean radius of 24,000 kilometers (15,000 miles) and a mass 17.2 times that of Earth. A gas giant like Jupiter, Saturn and Uranus.


Pluto.noun
The 'planet' that no longer qualifies as a planet. According to the 2006 IAU (International Astronomical Union) decision, for a celestial body to be a planet of the solar system, it must meet three conditions: it must be in orbit around the Sun, have been molded by its own gravity into a round or nearly round shape and have cleared the neighbourhood around its orbit, meaning that its mass must be large enough for its gravity to have removed rocky and icy debris from its orbital vicinity. Pluto failed on the third requirement because it orbits partially within and is considered to be part of, the Kuiper belt. 9th in order from the Sun; 3 billion miles away. Pluto's orbital pattern is eccentric, different from planets in our solar system. During one complete revolution, the Pluto's distance from the Sun varies from 29.7 to 49.5 astronomical units (AU). Pluto navigates 8 AU above and 13 AU below the mean (average) plane of planets' orbits. 

Pluto is closer to the Sun than Neptune for two decades in its orbital stretch of 248 years. Pluto strangely and unlike highly unstable orbiting objects often crossing Neptune's path, which either eventually collide with Neptune or are hurled away from the solar system, Pluto's orbital journey is immune from these near by approaches to the Neptune gas giant. This is because of a remarkable phenomenon scientists call 'resonance libration' (slowed oscillation), Pluto's orbit is said to be in 3:2 resonance with Neptune's, that is, Pluto makes two trips around the sun during the time that Neptune takes three. The contingent motions of the two planets guarantee that when Pluto crosses the orbit of Neptune, it is at an always minimun safe distance of at least 17 AU.

The complex dynamics of orbital resonances produce both chaos and exceptional stability in the solar system.

plethora.noun
a superabundance; an excess

parallelogram.noun,.plural.parallelograms
a four-sided plane figure with opposite sides parallel (a rectangle is a parallelogram)

parallel.adjective
side by side; being an equal distance apart everywhere (dancers in two parallel rows)
Mathematics:.of, relating to or designating two or more straight coplanarlines that do not intersect; of, relating to or designating two or more planes that do not intersect
Grammar:.having identical or equivalent syntactic constructions in corresponding clauses or phrases
Computer Science:.of or relating to the simultaneous transmission of all the bits of a byte over separate wires, often together appearing as one; of or relating to the simultaneous performance of multiple operations (parallel processing)
parallel.adverb
a parallel relationship or manner (a road and a railway that run parallel)
parallel.noun,.plural.parallels
one that closely resembles or is analogous to another (a unique event, without parallel in history; the brain as a parallel processor); a comparison indicating likeness; an analogy; the condition of being parallel; near similarity or exact agreement in particulars; parallelism; any of the imaginary lines representing degrees of latitude that encircle the Earth parallel to the plane of the equator
Mathematics:.one of a set of parallel geometric figures, such as lines or planes
Electronics:.an arrangement of components in a circuit that splits the current into two or more paths; used chiefly in the phrase 'in parallel'
parallel, paralleled, paralleling, parallels.transitive verbs

parallelism.noun
the quality or condition of being parallel; a parallel relationship; likeness, correspondence or similarity in aspect, course or tendency
Grammar:.the use of identical or equivalent syntactic constructions in corresponding clauses
Philosophy:.the doctrine that to every mental change there corresponds a concomitant but causally unconnected physical alteration

prism.noun,.plural.prisms
a solid figure whose bases or ends have the same size and shape and are parallel to one another and each of whose sides is a parallelogram; transparent body of this form, often of glass and usually with triangular ends, used for separating white light passed through it into a spectrum or for reflecting beams of light; a cut glass object, such as a pendant of a chandelier; a crystal form consisting of three or more similar faces parallel to a single axis
prismatic.also.prismatical.adjective
of, relating to, resembling or being a prism; formed by refraction of light through a prism; ysed of a spectrum of light; brilliantly colored; iridescent
prismatically.adverb

promulgate, promulgated, promulgating, promulgates.transitive verbs
to influence; to make widely known a decree for example, by thoughts affecting others environment and by physical efforts to do so, such as by declaration made to gather attention and/or inform (public declaration); if people promulgate a new law or a new idea, they make it widely known; to announce
promulgation(s), promulgator(s).nouns

pawn.noun,.plural.pawns
a piece in a game of chess or checkers (working for some corporations is synonymous to being manipulated as a piece of wood may be in a checker game); a hostage; the condition of being held as a pledge against the payment of a loan (jewels in pawn); something given as security for a loan; a pledge or guaranty
pawn, pawned, pawning, pawns.transitive verbs
to give or deposit (personal property) as security for the payment of money borrowed; to risk; hazard (pawn one's honor)
pawnable.adjective
pawnage, pawner(s).nouns

Paine, Thomas, 1737-1809 born January 29 in Thetford, England, passed June 8 in Greenwich Village, New York. Paine wrote all these bestsellers,.Common Sense.and.The American Crisis.were to rally citizens to support independence; other amazing bestsellers were.The Rights of Man, The Age of Reason, Letter to Washington. One of Paines quips on closed-mindedness: "Attempting to debate with a person who has abandoned reason is like giving medicine to the dead."

pus.noun
a generally viscous, yellowish white fluid formed in infected tissue, consisting of white blood cells, cellular debris and necrotic tissue
pustular.adjective
of, relating.to.or.consisting of pustules
pustule.noun,.plural.pustules
a small inflamed elevation of the skin that is filled with pus; a pimple; a small swelling similar to a blister or pimple; something.likened to an inflamed, pus-filled lesion

purulent.adjective
containing, discharging or causing the production of pus.(a purulent infection)
purulently.adverb

prospect.noun,.plural.prospects
something expected; a possibility; chances (what are the prospects for finding another as good as she was); a potential customer, client or purchaser; the location or probable location of a mineral deposit
prospect, prospected, prospecting, prospects.verbs
transitive verb use.to search for or explore a region for mineral deposits or oil
intransitive verb use.to explore for mineral deposits or oil
prospector.noun,.plural.prospectors
one who explores an area for mineral deposits or oil

prospective.adjective
likely or expected to happen (likely to become or be his prospective clients)
prospectively.adverb

prospectus.noun,.plural.prospectuses
a prospectus is a detailed document produced by a college, school or company, which gives details about it; a summary of a proposed.venture or project (she rewrote the prospectus of her dissertation three times before it was approved); a document describing the chief features of something, such as a business, an educational program or especially a stock offering or mutual.fund, for prospective buyers, investors or participants

prosper, prospered, prospering, prospers.intransitive verbs
to be fortunate or successful, especially in terms of one's finances; thrive
prosperous.adjective
having success; flourishing (a prosperous lifestyle); well-to-do; well-off (a prosperous family); propitious; favorable; to have prospered
prosperously.adverb
prosperousness.noun
prosperity.noun
the condition of being prosperous

pro.noun,.plural.pros
if you are pro a particular course of action or belief, you agree with it or support it; an argument or a consideration.in favor of something; mentally considering by weighing the pros and cons of leaving one job for another (wrote the pros and cons of something in order to make a decision one way or the other); one who supports a proposal or takes the affirmative side
pro.adverb
in favor; affirmatively (arguing pro and con)
pro.adjective
affirmative; supporting (a pro vote)

pro.noun,.plural.pros
a professional, especially in sports; an expert in a field of endeavor
pro.adjective
professional (pro golfing)

preadaptation.noun,.plural.preadaptations
a term used by evolutionists for a characteristic they believed evolved by an ancestral.species or population that serves an adaptive.though different function in a descendant species or population

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