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Daniel 10:1-3 In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia a thing was revealed unto Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar.(Daniel 1:7).and the thing was true, but the time appointed was long and he understood the thing and had understanding of the vision. In those days I Daniel was mourning three full weeks. I ate no pleasant bread, neither came flesh.(a time of abstinence for Daniel, where he ate only bread and vegetables).nor wine in my mouth, neither did I anoint myself at all.(didn't wash up in the morning to get ready for the day), till three whole weeks were fulfilled. 

Daniel 10:4 And in the four and twentieth day of the first month, as I was by the side of the great river, which is Hiddekel;

Daniel 10:5-10 Then I lifted up mine eyes and looked and behold a certain man clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with fine gold of Uphaz. His body also was like the beryl and his face as the appearance of lightning and his eyes as lamps of fire and his arms and his feet like in colour to polished brass and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude. And I Daniel alone saw the vision, for the men that were with me saw not the vision, but a great quaking fell upon them, so that they fled to hide themselves. Therefore I was left alone and saw this great vision and there remained no strength in me, for my comeliness was turned in me into corruption and I retained no strength. Yet heard I the voice of his words. And when I heard the voice of his words, then was I in a deep sleep on my face and my face toward the ground. And, behold, an hand touched me, which set me upon my knees and upon the palms of my hands.

Daniel 10:11 And he said unto me, O Daniel, a man greatly beloved, understand the words that I speak unto you and stand upright, for unto you am I now sent.(the Creator sent an angel, which are messengers, in answer to Daniel's quest for an answer to this troubling dream he had). And when he had spoken this word unto me I stood trembling.

Daniel 10:12 Then said he unto me, Fear not Daniel, for from the first day that you did set thine heart to understand.(to understand what? to understand his spirit by comprehending the connection to it through his soul, Daniel really wanted to know the Creator's mind on this dream he had, so he took some drastic measures as described above in verses 1-11).and to chasten.(humble so as to correct the self and get closer to the Creator, as Job also did).yourself before your God, your words were heard and I.(an angel from the Creator's realm).am come for.(because of).your words.
Words are thoughts. Thoughts about spirituality with the intention of reaching the Infinite One through one's soul, are called prayer.
Daniel 10:13 But the prince of the kingdom of Persia.(a.demon or maybe the devil himself, whose name was Lucifer, before he decided to be corrupt; and similarly happened with Paul:.1Thessalonians 2:18; the prince of the kingdom of Persia refers to who really directs the kingdoms of the world in evil ways through corrupt leaders).withstood me one and twenty days, but lo, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me and I remained there with the kings of Persia.
Angels, both good and bad, are always busy in the world. Maybe you've already met one and didn't know it:.Hebrews 13:2.
Daniel 10:14 Now I am come to make you understand what shall befall people in the latter days, for yet the vision is for many days.

Daniel 10:15-19 And when he had spoken such words unto me, I set my face toward the ground and I became dumb. And, behold, one like the similitude of the sons of men touched my lips. Then I opened my mouth and spake and said unto him that stood before me, O my lord, by the vision my sorrows are turned upon me and I have retained no strength. For how can the servant of this my lord talk with this my lord? For as for me, straightway there remained no strength in me, neither is there breath left in me. Then there came again and touched me one like the appearance of a man and he strengthened me, And said, O man greatly beloved, fear not. Peace be unto you, be strong, yea, be strong. And when he had spoken unto me, I was strengthened and said, Let my lord speak, for you have strengthened me. Then said he,

Daniel 10:20 Know you wherefore I come unto you? And now will I return to fight with the prince of Persia. And when I am gone forth, lo, the prince of Grecia shall come.
Adam Clarke's Commentary.re."The prince of Grecia shall come." "I believe this refers to Alexander the Great, who was to destroy the Persian empire.".Daniel 8:21

Shows that there are powerful dark side beings behind the nations on Earth (verses 12,13 just above) and God uses them in producing the outcomes He wants (Daniel 2:37,38) for ultimate benefit to people. God did similarly.in Job's life. The book of Daniel here talks of what seems to be happening today as an antitype, if today is what's been called 'the end time', that is, the end of man's inhumanity to man, the end of man's control over man to the detriment of humanity in general and the beginning of a new world age called the kingdom of God.

Daniel 10:21 But I will show you that which is noted in the scripture of truth. And there is none that holds with me in these things, but Michael your prince.
Barnes Notes:.that is,."there is no other writing where these things were then found."
Daniel 11:1 Also I in the first year of Darius the Mede, even I, stood to confirm and to strengthen him.

Daniel 11:2 And now will I show you the truth. Behold, there shall stand up yet three kings in Persia and the fourth shall be far richer than they all and by his strength through his riches he shall stir up all against the realm of Grecia.
Daniel 8:17-26.

Adam Clarke's Commentary: "There shall stand up yet three kings; Gabriel had already spoken of Cyrus-II, who was now reigning and after him three others should arise. These were, 1. Cambyses II, the son of Cyrus-II. 2. Smerdis, the Magian, who was an impostor, who pretended to be another son of Cyrus. And, 3. Darius, the son of Hystaspes, who married Mandane, the daughter of Cyrus. 

Cambyses reigned seven years and five months; Smerdis reigned only seven months and Darius Hystaspes reigned thirty-six years.

The fourth shall be far richer than they all. This was Xerxes, the son of Darius, of whom Justin says. "He had so great an abundance of riches in his kingdom, that although rivers were dried up by his numerous armies, yet his wealth remained unexhausted." 

He shall stir up all against the realm of Grecia. His military strength was such, that Herodotus, who lived in that time, informs us that his army amounted to five millions, two hundred and eighty-three thousand, two hundred and twenty men. Besides these, the Carthaginians furnished him with an army of three hundred thousand men and a fleet of two hundred ships. He led an army against the Greeks of eight hundred thousand men and twelve hundred and seven ships, with three banks of rowers each. As he marched along, he obliged all the people of the countries through which he passed to join him."

Daniel 11:3-6 And a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion and do according to his will. And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken and shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled, for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others beside those. And the king of the south shall be strong and one of his princes shall be strong above him and have dominion. His dominion shall be a great dominion. And in the end of years they shall join themselves together, for the king's daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement, but she shall not retain the power of the arm, neither shall he stand, nor his arm, but she shall be given up and they that brought her and he that begat her and he that strengthened her in these times.
Adam Clarke's Commentary:."There shall stand up yet three kings"; Gabriel had already spoken of Cyrus, who was now reigning and after him three others should arise. These were, 1. Cambyses, the son of Cyrus. 2. Smerdis, the Magian, who was an impostor, who pretended to be another son of Cyrus. And, 3. Darius, the son of Hystaspes, who married Mandane, the daughter of Cyrus.

"Cambyses reigned seven years and five months; Smerdis reigned only seven months and Darius Hystaspes reigned thirtysix years.

"The fourth shall be far richer than they all." This was Xerxes, the son of Darius, of whom Justin says, "He had so great an abundance of riches in his kingdom, that although rivers were dried up by his numerous armies, yet his wealth remained unexhausted."

"He shall stir up all against the realm of Grecia." His military strength was such, that Herodotus, who lived in that time, informs us that his army amounted to five millions, two hundred and eighty-three thousand, two hundred and twenty men. Besides these, the Carthaginians furnished him with an army of three hundred thousand men and a fleet of two hundred ships. He led an army against the Greeks of eight hundred thousand men and twelve hundred and seven ships, with three banks of rowers each. As he marched along, he obliged all the people of the countries through which he passed to join him."

Daniel 11:7-19 But out of a branch of her roots shall one stand up in his estate, which shall come with an army and shall enter into the fortress of the king of the north and shall deal against them and shall prevail and shall also carry captives into Egypt their gods, with their princes and with their precious vessels of silver and of gold and he shall continue more years than the king of the north. So the king of the south shall come into his kingdom and shall return into his own land. But his sons shall be stirred up and shall assemble a multitude of great forces and one shall certainly come and overflow and pass through. Then shall he return and be stirred up, even to his fortress. And the king of the south shall be moved with choler.(bitterness).and shall come forth and fight with him, even with the king of the north. And he shall set forth a great multitude, but the multitude shall be given into his hand. And when he has taken away the multitude, his heart shall be lifted up and he shall cast down many ten thousands, but he shall not be strengthened by it. For the king of the north shall return and shall set forth a multitude greater than the former and shall certainly come after certain years with a great army and with much riches. And in those times there shall many stand up against the king of the south, also the robbers of thy people shall exalt themselves to establish the vision, but they shall fall. So the king of the north shall come and cast up a mount and take the most fenced cities and the arms of the south shall not withstand, neither his chosen people, neither shall there be any strength to withstand. But he that cometh against him shall do according to his own will and none shall stand before him and he shall stand in the glorious land, which by his hand shall be consumed. He shall also set his face to enter with the strength of his whole kingdom and upright ones with him; thus shall he do and he shall give him the daughter of women, corrupting her, but she shall not stand on his side, neither be for him. After this shall he turn his face unto the isles and shall take many, but a prince for his own behalf shall cause the reproach offered by him to cease. Without his own reproach he shall cause it to turn upon him. Then he shall turn his face toward the fort of his own land, but he shall stumble and fall and not be found.

Daniel 11:20 Then shall stand up in his estate a raiser of taxes in the glory of the kingdom.(there always are some with desire to lord it over others who arise with devious methods to do so); but within few days he shall be destroyed, neither in anger, nor in battle.

Daniel 11:21-23 And in his estate shall stand up a vile person.(speaking of Antiochus Epiphanes), to whom they shall not give the honor of the kingdom, but he shall come in peaceably and obtain the kingdom by flatteries. And with the arms of a flood.(Clarke's Commentary:."The arms which were overflown before him were his competitors for the crown. They were vanquished by the forces of Eumenes and Attalus and were dissipated by the arrival of Antiochus from Athens, whose presence disconcerted all their measures.").shall they be overflown from before him and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant.(Barnes Notes:."The reference is to the king of Egypt with whom a covenant or compact had been made by Antiochus the Great and who was supposed to be united.(see verse 27 below), therefore, to the Syrians by a solemn treaty."). And after the league made with him he shall work deceitfully, for he shall come up and shall become strong with a small people. 

Daniel 11:24 He shall enter peaceably even upon the fattest places of the province and he shall do that which his fathers have not done, nor his fathers' father. He shall scatter among them the prey and spoil and riches. Yea and he shall forecast his devices against the strong holds even for a time.
Psalms 37:7.
Daniel 11:25,26 And he shall stir up his power and his courage against the king of the south with a great army and the king of the south shall be stirred up to battle with a very great and mighty army, but he shall not stand, for they shall forecast devices against him. Yea, they that feed of the portion of his meat shall destroy him and his army shall overflow and many shall fall down slain. 

Daniel 11:27 And both these kings' hearts shall be to do mischief and they shall speak lies at one table.(they both wanted to take advantage of each other), but it shall not prosper. For yet the end shall be at the time appointed. 

Daniel 11:28-30 Then shall he return into his land.(Syria).with great riches and his heart shall be against the holy covenant and he shall do exploits and return to his own land. At the time appointed he shall return and come toward the south, but it shall not be as the former or as the latter. For the ships of Chittim.(the land areas of large and smaller islands in the Mediterranean Sea on which both Greeks & Turks live, largest island now called Cyprus {map}).shall come against him. Therefore he shall be grieved and return and have indignation against the holy covenant. So shall he do. He shall even return and have intelligence with them that forsake the holy covenant.

Daniel 11:31 And arms shall stand on his part and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength and shall take away the daily sacrifice and they shall place the abomination that makes desolate.
None of the Jews would want to again visit the temple with this silly idol in it that Antiochus Epiphanes had placed.
Daniel 11:32-35 And such as do wickedly against the covenant shall he corrupt by flatteries, but the people that do know their God shall be strong and do exploits. And they that understand among the people shall instruct many, yet they shall fall by the sword and by flame, by captivity and by spoil, many days. Now when they shall fall, they shall be holpen with a little help, but many shall cleave to them with flatteries. And some of them of understanding shall fall, to try them and to purge and to make them white, even to the time of the end, because it is yet for a time appointed. 

Daniel 11:36 And the king shall do according to his will and he shall exalt himself and magnify himself above every god and shall speak marvelous things against the God of gods and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished, for that determined shall be done. 

Daniel 11:37 Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women.(to have children in a secure home with a happy man; not caring for reasons women are on Earth), nor regard any god, for he shall magnify himself above all.

Daniel 11:38-45 But in his estate shall he honour the God of forces and a god whom his fathers knew not shall he honour with gold and silver and with precious stones and pleasant things. Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory and he shall cause them to rule over many and shall divide the land for gain. And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots and with horsemen and with many ships and he shall enter into the countries and shall overflow and pass over. He shall enter also into the glorious land and many countries shall be overthrown, but these shall escape out of his hand, even Edom and Moab and the chief of the children of Ammon. He shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries and the land of Egypt shall not escape. But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver and over all the precious things of Egypt and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps. But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him. Therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy and utterly to make away many. And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain, yet he shall come to his end and none shall help him.
 

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