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C r e a t i o n  I n d e x
C o m m e n t s  O n  E v o l u t i o n  P a g e  3
(alphabetical list of comments)

continues from...

"Researchers run signals through computers that are programmed to recognize many preset patterns. ...After years of receiving apparently meaningless random signals, the researchers discover a pattern of beats and pauses that corresponds to the sequence of all the prime numbers between 2 and 101. When a sequence begins with 2 beats, then a pause, 3 beats, then a pause . . . and continues all the way to 101 beats, the researchers must infer the presence of an extraterrestrial intelligence. Here's why. There's nothing in the laws of physics that requires radio signals to take one form or the other. The sequence is therefore contingent rather than necessary. Also it is a long sequence and therefore complex. ... Finally, it was not just complex but exhibited an independently given pattern or specific improbable event. Even so, you'll have no reason not to attribute it to chance..(that is, one would not have a reason to give chance the credit, like you have no reason at the time to leave your home and go away to some other city or, you receive a phone call, the caller hangs up before you say hello, it may have been chance, it may not have been, so you have no reason not to attribute it to chance)

"Intelligence leaves behind a characteristic trademark or signature, what I call 'specified complexity'.".(complexity with a particular purpose, an example of which can be seen in things which exhibit repetitional.intention, i.e..fish eggs produce more fish and the fish produce more eggs)

"In my book The Design Inference I argue that specified complexity reliably detects design. The main criticism of that work to date concerns whether the Darwinian mechanism of natural selection and random variation is not in fact fully capable of generating specified complexity. More recently, in No Free Lunch, I show that undirected natural processes like the Darwinian mechanism are incapable of generating the specified complexity that exists in biological organisms. It follows that chance and necessity are insufficient for the natural sciences and that the natural sciences need to leave room for design."....from an article in Nature.(naturalhistory.com), 2002.

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Jonathan Wells, Ph.D. (molecular and cell biology), University of California, Berkeley and Ph.D. in religious studies from Yale University. Books include.Icons of Evolution: Science or Myth? Why Much of What We Teach About Evolution Is Wrong, Regenery Publishing, 2000. In his book, Wells shows that DNA.mutations are mostly harmful and thus would be eliminated by this thing called natural selection.

"Antibiotic and pesticide resistance are often cited as evidence that DNA mutations provide the raw materials for evolution, but they affect only chemical processes. Major evolutionary changes would require mutations that produce advantageous anatomical changes as well.

"Normal fruit flies have two wings and two 'balancers', tiny structures behind the wings that help stabilize the insect in flight. In the 1970s geneticists discovered that a combination of three mutations in a single gene produces flies in which the balancers develop into normal looking wings. The resulting four-winged fruit fly is sometimes used to illustrate how mutations can produce the sorts of anatomical changes that Darwin's theory needs.

"But the extra wings are not new structures, only duplication of existing ones. Furthermore, the extra wings lack muscles and are therefore worse than useless. The four winged fruit fly is severely handicapped, like a small plane with extra wings dangling from its tail. As in the case with all other anatomical changes studied so far, those in the four-winged fruit fly cannot provide raw materials for evolution. In the absence of evidence that natural selection and random variations can account for the apparently designed features of living things, the entire question of design must be reopened. ..."....as reported in Nature.(naturalhistory.com), 2002.

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Dr. Derek V. Ager, Department of Geology and Oceanography, University College, Swansea, UK; 'The nature of the fossil record', Proceedings of the Geologists Association vol. 87 (2) 1976, p.132.."It must be significant that nearly all the evolutionary stories I learned as a student, from Trueman's 'Ostrea/Gryphaea' to Carruthers' 'Zaphrentis delanouei', have now been 'debunked'. Similarly, my own experience of more than twenty years looking for evolutionary lineages among the Mesozoic Brachiopoda has proved them equally elusive.

"We all know that many apparent evolutionary bursts are nothing more than brainstorms on the part of particular paleontologists. One splitter in a library can do far more than millions of years of genetic.mutation."

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Hubert P. Yockey, Army Pulse Radiation Facility, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, USA, 'A calculation of the probability of spontaneous biogenesis by information theory',.Journal of Theoretical Biology, vol. 67, 1977, p. 396.."One must conclude that, contrary to the established and current wisdom, a scenario describing the genesis of life on earth by chance and natural causes which can be accepted on the basis of fact and not faith has not yet been written."
 


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