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-Xerxes I: pronounced 'zerk seize'. Known as Xerxes the Great, B.C.E. 519-465. Xerxes was the Ahasuerus of the book of Esther:.Esther 1:1. He was the son of Darius I and Atossa, daughter of Cyrus the Great. He reigned as king of Persia B.C.E. 486465.

Barnes Notes:."Recent researches show that the Hebrew word for Ahasuerus.(Achashrosh).is readily formed from the Persian name of Xerxes, the name Xerxes being only a Greek corruption of the Persian."

According to the Greek historian Herodotus, who lived in that time, the combined strength of Xerxes' land army was five million, two hundred and eighty-three thousand, two hundred and twenty men and a naval force of one thousand and seven ships. 

Besides these, the Carthaginians furnished him with an army of three hundred thousand men and a fleet of two hundred ships. He led an army against the Greeks of eight hundred thousand men and twelve hundred and seven ships, with three banks of rowers each. As he marched along, he obliged all the people of the countries through which he passed to join him.

At the Battle of Salamís in B.C.E 480, his fleet was defeated by Greek warships commanded by the Athenian Themistocles.

How did this happen that a Greek fleet defeated a much larger Persian naval force? This happened in the straits at Salamis, between the island of Salamis and the Athenian port city of Piraeus.

"By B.C.E. 480 the Persian king Xerxes and his army had overrun much of Greece and his navy of about 800 galleys.(large ships propelled by sails and oars).bottled up the smaller Greek fleet of about 370 triremes.(a ship with three decks for the rowers).in the Saronic Gulf. The Greek commander, Themistocles, then lured the Persian fleet into the narrow waters of the strait at Salamis, where the massed Persian ships had difficulty maneuvering. The Greek triremes then attacked furiously, ramming or sinking many Persian vessels and boarding others. The Greeks sank about 300 Persian vessels while losing only about 40 of their own. The rest of the Persian fleet was scattered and as a result Xerxes had to postpone his planned land offensives for a year, a delay that gave the Greek city states time to unite against him. The Battle of Salamis was the first great naval battle recorded in history."....comprised with information from Encyclopedia Britannica.

Xerxes recouped and a year later sacked much of Greece. He retired in Asia Minor, leaving his army in Greece and was assassinated by Artabanus, captain of the palace guard. He was succeeded by his son Artaxerxes I who reigned B.C.E 465-425.

Xerxes was of the Iranian Achaemenian dynasty, an early Persian dynasty.

Achaemenian derives its name from Achaemenes, who is thought to have lived in the early B.C.E. 7th century. From Achaemenes' son Teispes were descended two lines of kings. The older line included Cyrus I, Cambyses I, Cyrus II (Cyrus the Great) and Cambyses II. 

The junior line began with Darius I and ended with the death of Darius III after his defeat by Alexander the Great in B.C.E. 330. 

The Achaemenian dynasty's greatest rulers were Cyrus II, who actually established the Persian empire and from whose reign it is dated. Next, Darius I, who secured the borders from external threats and Xerxes I, who completed many of Darius's public works. At its height, the Achaemenian Empire reached from Macedonia to northern India and from the Caucasus Mountains to the Persian Gulf. The ruins of one of its capitals, Persepolis, survive today from its golden age.


-Zachariah: 13th king of Israel, son of Jeroboam II:.2Kings 14:29. Circa.B.C.E. 780. Was an evil king:.2Kings 15:8,9.

He reigned only six months, having been slain by Shallum.
 


-Zedekiah: Zedekiah began his reign at twenty-one. He reigned eleven years in Jerusalem, B.C.E. 599 to 588.

He succeeded the throne of his uncle Jehoiachin. His original name was Mattaniah, but when Nebuchadnezzar-II placed him on the throne as the successor to Jehoiachin his uncle, Nebuchadnezzar changed his name to Zedekiah:.2Kings 24:17,18; 2Chronicles 36:8-10

Zedekiah was one of the sons of Josiah:.1Chronicles 3:15; Jeremiah 37:1. His mother's name was Hamutal, a bad woman.

Having a bad mother no doubt contributed greatly to him being the same:.Jeremiah 52:1,2; 2Kings 24:19 "And he did that which was evil..."

Zedekiah's brothers who also ruled as kings of Judah were Jehoahaz and Jehoiakim.

Zedekiah was the 20th and last monarch of.Judah, He was the 19th and last king, as there was one queen, the cruel bitch Athaliah.

Ancient Judah under king Zedekiah went into captivity to Nebuchadnezzar, but this was God's doing and was to be the best for them.

Zedekiah was contemporary with Jeremiah.

There are other Zedekiahs in the.Bible, such as this one being a grandson of Josiah:.1Chronicles 3:16. And this one:.1Kings 22:24. And there were also a few others named Zedekiah.
 


-Zelophehad: comprised with Bible dictionaries: a descendant of Joseph, whose death in the wilderness, leaving five daughters and no sons, led to the establishment of a law that in such cases daughters should inherit the patrimony of their father, but they were not to marry out of their tribe:.Numbers 26:33; 27:1-11; Joshua 17:3,4

Zaphnathpaaneah: the name given to Joseph by Pharaoh:.Genesis 41:45. The learned Jews translate it as a Hebrew name, 'revealer of secrets', but as an Egyptian name, which it is, it has been interpreted 'Prince of the life of the world' or 'the savior of the world'. The two latter meanings suit Joseph well, as being a type of Christ.

-Zimri: Servant, officer to and successor of Elah, Baasha's son, whom Zimri murdered while Elah was intoxicated:.1Kings 16:9,10 "And his servant Zimri...conspired against him, as he was...drinking himself drunk...And Zimri went in and smote him and killed him..."

Then Zimri became king of Israel B.C.E. 926 and destroyed all the family of Baasha. And it so worked out that this was in accordance with what God had determined:.1Kings 16:11-14.

But, Zimri only reigned 7 days.(1Kings 16:15).as the people were upset with him over what he did and this devastated Zimri so much that he took his life by burning his palace down with him in it:.1Kings 16:16-20.

Somewhat similar to what Judas did to Emmanuel and what he did to himself after:.Matthew 26:14-16; 27:3-5.
 

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