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S i t e  S e a r c h

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P r o o f  o f  t h e  B i b l e  N o t e s

-Hazor: And not just a weak little fire. Archaeologists digging at Hazor found the fire was so hot, it turned mud bricks to glass.

-Sidon.(another spelling is Zidon): a fishery, a town on the Mediterranean coast, about 25 miles north of Tyre. It received its name from the "first-born" of Canaan, the grandson of Noah.(Genesis 10:15, "And Canaan begat Sidon, his firstborn and Heth.").

This city was famous for its manufactures and arts, as well as for its commerce. The Sidonians had a great reputation for hewing wood:.1Kings 5:6.

It was the first home of the Phoenicians on the coast of Palestine. The name Phoenicians is synonymous with Sidonians.

From its extensive commercial relations, Sidon became a 'great' city. It was the mother city of Tyre.

It was never subdued. The Zidonians/Sidonians long oppressed Israel. From the time of David its glory began to wane and Tyre, its 'virgin daughter', rose to its place of preeminence.

Solomon entered into a matrimonial alliance with the Zidonians and thus their form of idolatrous worship found a place in the land of Israel. This is frequently referred to by the prophets and it became a major historical point of the Old Testament.

Our Lord visited the 'coasts' of Tyre and Zidon = Sidon.(q.v.); and from this region many came forth to hear him preaching.

From Sidon, at which the ships put in after leaving Caesarea, Paul finally sailed for Rome.

This old Phoenician city is now a town of 10,000 inhabitants, with remains of walls built in the twelfth century A.D. In 1855, the sarcophagus.(stone coffin; plural, sarcophagi).of Eshmanezer was discovered. From a Phoenician inscription on its lid, it appears that he was a "king of the Sidonians," probably in B.C.E. the third century when the city was founded. His mother was a priestess of Ashtoreth "the goddess of the Sidonians". In this inscription Baal is mentioned as the chief god of the Sidonians and from a Phoenician inscription on its lid, it appears that he was a "king of the Sidonians" probably in the third century B.C.E. Today lies ruins of the Phoenician Temple of Eshmun.(aka Eachmoun).and castles the Crusaders used.

Ezekiel 28:22,23 "And say, Thus says the Lord GOD, Behold, I am against you, O Zidon and I will be glorified in the midst of you and they shall know that I am the Lord, when I shall have executed judgments in her and shall be sanctified in her. For I will send into her pestilence and blood into her streets and the wounded shall be judged in the midst of her by the sword upon her on every side and they shall know that I am the Lord."

-Tyre: a rock, now es-Sur; also an ancient Phoenician city south of Sidon. Sidon was the oldest Phoenician city, but Tyre had a longer and more illustrious history. The commerce of the whole world was gathered into the warehouses of Tyre.."The purple dye of Tyre had a worldwide celebrity on account of the durability of its beautiful tints and its manufacture proved a source of abundant wealth to the inhabitants of that city."

Both Tyre and Sidon."were crowded with glass shops, dyeing and weaving establishments and among their cunning workmen not the least important class were those who were celebrated for the engraving of precious stones.

"Tyrian merchants were the first who ventured to navigate the Mediterranean waters and they founded their colonies on the coasts and neighbouring islands of the Aegean Sea, in Greece, on the northern coast of Africa, at Carthage and other places, in Sicily and Corsica, in Spain at Tartessus and even beyond the pillars of Hercules at Gadeira.(now the city of Cadiz)."....Driver's Isaiah.

In the time of David a friendly alliance was entered into between the Hebrews and the Tyrians, who were long ruled over by their native kings.

Tyre consisted of two distinct parts, a rocky fortress on the mainland, called Old Tyre and the city, built on a small, rocky island about half-a-mile distant from the shore. It was a place of great strength. It was besieged by Shalmaneser, who was assisted by the Phoenicians of the mainland, for five years and by Nebuchadnezzar-II.(B.C.E. 586-573).for thirteen years, apparently without success. It afterwards fell under the power of Alexander the Great, after a siege of seven months, but continued to maintain much of its commercial importance till the Christian era.

It is referred to in Matthew 11:21 and Acts 12:20. In 1291 A.D. it was taken by the Saracens and has remained a desolate ruin ever since. 

The wickedness and idolatry of this city are frequently denounced by the prophets and its final destruction predicted. For those delving into it further, see Isaiah 23:1; Jeremiah 25:22; Ezekiel 26; 28:1-19; Amos 1:9, 10; Zechariah 9:2-4 and Bible dictionaries. 

Here a church was founded soon after the death of Stephen and Paul, on his return from his third missionary journey spent a week in with the disciples there:.Acts 21:4.

Here the scene at Miletus was repeated on his leaving them. They all, with their wives and children, accompanied him to the sea shore. The sea voyage of the apostle terminated at Ptolemais, about 38 miles from Tyre. Thence he proceeded to Caesarea:.Acts 21:5-8

"It is noticed on monuments as early as B.C.E 1500 and claiming, according to Herodotus, that Tyre was founded about B.C.E. 2700. It had two ports still existing and was of commercial importance in all ages, with colonies at Carthage.(about B.C.E. 850).and all over the Mediterranean. It was often attacked by Egypt and Assyria and taken by Alexander the Great after a terrible siege in B.C.E. 332. It is now a town of 3,000 inhabitants with ancient tombs and a ruined cathedral. A short Phoenician text of the fourth century B.C.E. is the only monument yet recovered."....Driver's Isaiah.

Ezekiel 26:3-5,12 "Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Tyrus and will cause many nations to come up against thee, as the sea causes his waves to come up. And they shall destroy the walls of Tyrus and break down her towers. I will also scrape her dust from her and make her like the top of a rock. It shall be a place for the spreading of nets in the midst of the sea. For I have spoken it, saith the Lord GOD. And it shall become a spoil to the nations. And they shall make a spoil of thy riches and make a prey of thy merchandise. And they shall break down thy walls and destroy thy pleasant houses and they shall lay thy stones and thy timber and thy dust in the midst of the water."


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