L u k e.(*):This
evangelist is one engaged in preaching and dissemination
of the gospel).was
a companion of the apostle Paul. The style of his
writings and his acquaintance with the Jewish rites and usage sufficiently
show that he knew well of the religion of the Jews, while his knowledge
of the Greek language and his name speak his Gentile origin.
This Gospel appears to give
a genuine and inspired account of the life, miracles and doctrines of our
Lord, learned from those who heard and witnessed his discourses
and miracles. There are many passages in Paul's epistles, as well as in
the writings of Luke, which show the extent and accuracy of Luke the physician's
knowledge of health.
Written in Greece 63 A.D.
The date and circumstances of his conversion
are unknown. According to his own statement.(Luke
1:1-4), he was an "eye-witness
from the beginning".
It is probable that he was
a physician in Troas and was there converted by Paul, to whom he attached
himself. He accompanied him to Philippi, but did not there share his imprisonment,
nor did he accompany him further after his release in his missionary journey
at this time.
On Paul's third visit to
again meet with Luke, who probably had spent all the intervening time in
that city, a period of seven or eight years. From this time Luke was Paul's
constant companion during his journey to Jerusalem. He again disappears
from view during Paul's imprisonment at Jerusalem and Caesarea and only
reappears when Paul sets out for Rome:.Acts
27:1. The last notice of the beloved physician Luke is in 2Timothy
The date of its composition
is uncertain. It must have been written before the Acts, the date of the
composition of which is generally fixed at about 63 or 64 A.D. This Gospel
of Luke was written, therefore, probably about 60 or 63 when Luke may have
been at Caesarea in attendance on Paul, who was then a prisoner. Others
that it was written at Rome during Paul's imprisonment there. But on this
point no positive certainty can be attained.
It is commonly supposed that
Luke wrote under the direction, if not at the dictation of Paul. Many words
and phrases are common to both.
Luke was not one of the original
10:2-4), having come on the scene
long after Emmanuel had been crucified and resurrected. His death by martyrdom
between 75 and 100 A.D. is generally reported.
J o h n.(*):
Like the name 'Jesus', there was no
letter 'J' till the 17th century A.D.,
so John's name was actually 'Ioannes'.
John was born at Bethsaida.
The book of John was written in Asia Minor, 97 A.D. John was the brother
of James the
'Greater', who both with their father, were fishermen:.Matthew
4:21; 10:2. He was probably the
younger, of the sons of Zebedee.(Matthew
27:56. His father was apparently a man of some wealth.
He was doubtless trained
in all that constituted the ordinary education of Jewish youth. When he
grew up he followed the occupation of a fisherman on the Lake of Galilee,
when another John, John the
Baptist, began his ministry in the wilderness of Judea.
This John also was deeply
influenced by the teachings of Emmanuel. John, this apostle and evangelist
who wrote the book of John in the Bible, seems to have been the
youngest of the twelve.(Matthew
who were constantly around Emmanuel until His death. He was especially
favoured with our Lord's regard and confidence, so as to be spoken of as
the disciple whom Emmanuel loved:.John
He was very sincerely attached to Emmanuel, deeply believing what Emmanuel
was on Earth for. He exercised his ministry at Jerusalem with much success
and outlived the destruction of that city.
History relates that after
the death of Emmanuel's mother, John resided chiefly at Ephesus.(map).towards
the close of Domitian's reign.(Domitian
lived 51-96 A.D.
and reigned as Emperor of Rome 81-96 A.D.; he completed the conquest of
After 89 A.D. his government
became dictatorial, leading to a reign of terror. Domitian was assassinated
by a freedman in connivance
with his empress and officers of the court.
John was banished to the
isle of Patmos.(pic
95 A.D. probably
when the Roman emperor Nero or Domitian reigned. It is not known with certainty
which, nor at what date. Here he wrote the vision he called Revelation.(the
of Revelation, the last book in the Bible).
1; Revelation chapters
before him, John too saw pictures in his mind of the
throne of the Creator.(Ephesians
its goings on:.Revelation
On the accession
Cocceius Nerva, about 35-98 A.D., Roman Emperor 96-98, John was set
at liberty from his exile and returned to Ephesus, where it is thought,
in advanced age, he wrote what's called his Gospel.(Book
also wrote his Epistles.(epistles
are letters, here being 1st,
2nd and 3rd John), about 97
He died at Ephesus, in the third year of Trajan in 100 A.D., being then,
according to Epiphanius, ninety four years of age. He was buried near that
city and several of the fathers mention his sepulchre as being there.
At about 90 A.D. Ephesus
became the Eastern centre of the new spiritual life for those that were
tagged as 'Christians':.Acts
11:26. The seven churches of Asia were the objects of John's special
We do know that John was
What happened to him is anyone's guess. Was he transposed, like some long
before him, such as Enoch and Elijah?
No record of John being buried. Perhaps he too went as did Enoch and Elijah,
into the family
of good beings.