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Bible books history index

B i b l e :  S h o r t  H i s t o r y  O f  E a c h  B o o k
T i m o t h y ,  T i t u s ,  P h i l e m o n ,
H e b r e w s ,  J a m e s

1 s t.and.2 n d T i m o t h y.(*): Timothy means honouring God. 1Timothy was written by Paul to Timothy, who was a young disciple.(learner).and Paul's companion in many of his journeys. Timothy's mother Eunice and his grandmother Lois are mentioned as eminent for their piety:.2Timothy 1:5. His father was a Greek and his mother a Jewess, who both obviously brought their son up well:.2Timothy 3:15:.Acts 16:1.
   The book of 1Timothy was written about 66 or 67 A.D.

The book of 2Timothy was probably written by Paul a year or so after the first and from Rome where Paul was for a second time a prisoner.

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T i t u s.(*): means honourable. He was a Gentile and with Paul and Barnabas at Antioch, Greece accompanying them to the council at Jerusalem:.Galatians 2:1-3; Acts 15:2. The book of Titus was probably written about the same time as the first epistle to Timothy, 66 or 67 A.D.

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P h i l e m o n.(*): was written from Rome at the same time as the epistles to the Colossians and Ephesians and was sent also by Onesimus. It was addressed to Philemon and the members of his family. 

Philemon was an inhabitant of Colosse and apparently a person of some note among the citizens. He was brought to a knowledge of the gospel through the instrumentality of Paul and held a prominent place in the Christian community for his piety and beneficence. He is called in the epistle a "fellow-labourer" and therefore probably held some office in the church at Colosse Philemon 1:2; at all events, the title denotes that he took part in the work of spreading a knowledge of the gospel.

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H e b r e w s.(*): Paul wrote the book from Rome in 63 A.D., to those familiar with the sacrifices and offerings, etc. required under the old covenant. It was in all probability written at Rome, near the close of Paul's two years' imprisonment. It was certainly written to Jewish converts to the faith of the gospel, probably for the church at Jerusalem before the destruction of Jerusalem.

Its design was to show the true end and meaning of the Mosaic system and its symbolical and transient character. It proves that the Levitical priesthood was a 'shadow' of that of Christ and that the legal sacrifices prefigured the great and all perfect sacrifice he offered for us. 

It explains that the gospel was designed, not to modify the law of Moses, but to supersede and abolish it. Its teaching was fitted, as it was designed, to check that tendency to apostatize.(abandon).from Christianity and to return to Judaism which now showed itself among certain Jewish Christians. The supreme authority and the transcendent glory of the gospel are clearly set forth and in such a way as to strengthen and confirm their allegiance.(loyalty).to Christ. 

This epistle shows Christ as the end, foundation, body and truth of the figures of the law, which of themselves were no virtue for the soul. The great truth set forth in this epistle.(letter).is that Emmanuel of Nazareth is the true God.

The unconverted Jews used many arguments to draw their converted brethren from the Christian faith. They represented the law of Moses as superior to the Christian dispensation, and spoke against every thing connected with the Saviour. The apostle therefore shows to these somewhat bewildered new Christians the superiority of Emmanuel of Nazareth as the Son of God and the benefits from his sufferings and death as the sacrifice for sin, so that the Christian way is much more excellent and perfect than that of Moses. And the principal design seems to be, to bring the converted Hebrews forward in the knowledge of the gospel and thus to establish them in the Christian faith and to prevent their turning from it, against which they are earnestly warned.

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J a m e s.(*):.Like the name 'Jesus', there was no letter 'J' till the 17th century A.D., so the name 'James' was actually 'Iacobos'.

This James was the author of the epistle which bears his name. He was the elder brother of John:.Mark 1:29. Both were sons of a woman named Salome and having a dad named Zebedee:.Mark 1:19,20. This distinguishes this James from the other James.

Salome attended Emmanuel on his journeys, helping out where she could:.Matthew 20.20-23

American Tract Society: Her conception as to the true nature of Christ's kingdom was no doubt changed by his crucifixion, which she witnessed 'afar off'.(Mark 15:40).and by his resurrection, of which she was early apprized by the angels at the tomb:.Mark 16:5-8.

From comparing Matthew 27:56 and John 19:25, it seems to be that Salome was a sister of Mary the mother of Emmanuel. 

Salome was also the name of the daughter of Herodias; a different Salome.

This James was surnamed 'the greater' or 'the elder', to distinguish him from James the younger, the other James.

This James and John were with Emmanuel when He was transfigured:.Matthew 17:1,2.

This James, who wrote the book of.James.in the.Bible, was a near kinsman of Emmanuel and often called 'the Lord's brother':.Galatians 1:19

The place and time of the writing of the book of James was Jerusalem, where James was residing and from internal evidence, was the period between Paul's two imprisonments at Rome, probably about 62 A.D.

He had a separate interview with our Lord after his resurrection.(1Corinthians 15:7).and is mentioned as one of the apostles of the circumcision:.Acts 1:13. He appears to have occupied the position of head of the Church at Jerusalem, where he presided at the council held to consider the case of the Gentiles:.Acts 12:17; 15:13-29: 21:18-24.

Emmanuel especially had Peter, James and John with Him a lot of the time:.Mark 1:29; 5:37; 9:2; 13:3; 14:33; Luke 8:51.

James 'the greater' was the first martyr among the apostles and was put to death in 44 A.D. when king Herod Agrippa-I beheaded him:.Acts 12:1,2. Don't know exactly why Herod beheaded him.

Perhaps because those who heard him speak were offended at what he said. And perhaps because those Jews of the Pharisee kind influenced this Herod to eliminate those who had this message from God about a kingdom to be set up and they felt it would be in competition to the Old Testament Mosaic Law which they adhered to because of a holding on to their control over others and any money donated by them.

James 'the greater' is called James 'the Just' by Josephus and is said to have been stoned to death. The epistle of James is ascribed to him by those who distinguish him from James the Less.

James the younger.also called James the less. He, like the elder James called James the greater, was one of the twelve disciples/apostles. His father was a man named.Alphaeus.(Matthew 10:3).also known as.Cleophas:.John 19:25. The mother of this James the less was a woman named Mary. His brothers were Joses and Judas:.Matthew 27:56; Mr 15:40. He is called 'the less', meaning 'the younger', to distinguish him from James the son of Zebedee.

James the less had brothers named Joses and Judas:.Matthew 27:56; Mark 15:40. James the less means he was younger and smaller in stature than James the son of Zebedee, who was called James the greater.

A list of all the apostles. Besides these, there were many more disciples:.Acts 1:15.

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